An important distinction of the operation in Syria is that Russia deftly exploited strategic surprise and retained the global military and political initiative. This was the second time in the past two years that Russia caught its counterparts in the U.S., Europe, and the Middle East off guard.
By creating a mechanism for shaping its own system-wide interest, Russia would make the first major step towards renouncing the uncritical copying of Western forms. In this way, Russia could focus on substantive aspects of Western forms and, at the same time, create its own, in both foreign and domestic policies.
For hundreds of years Eurasia was nothing more than a “bridge” and a place where external actors could realize their interests. But today it is for the first time acquiring its own significance. In the future, it will seek to build a broad Eurasian community encompassing not only the Eurasian Economic Union and China as its “core,” but also other regional players.
National historical narratives describing the grandeur of “our” nation and its struggle for good against evil are the intrinsic ailment of history. But there are also historians who take such narratives with a grain of salt. If society prosecutes historians who lay the groundwork for critical public dialogue about the past, it will lose the only effective remedy for national narcissism.
Merkel’s EU critics come to realize that any kind of “war” on Merkel can end up very badly for the European Union.
Valdai Discussion Club Report
Today post-Soviet Central Asian countries are facing problems caused by old security challenges and the emergence of completely new threats. These threats may influence the prospects of secular statehood in the region. This is a serious obstacle to modernization.
Non-state (or “informal”) militias play crucial roles on both sides of the conflict in eastern Ukraine. They serve as force multipliers and, in some cases, provide plausible deniability for brutality.
Ever since Vladimir Putin launched the Eurasian Union project in 2011, scholars and the media have tended to analyze it as the victory of the Eurasianist ideology. This memo investigates the relationship between Eurasia, Eurasianism, and the Eurasian Union project.