Alexander Lomanov is Chief Researcher at the Institute of Far Eastern Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences; he holds a Doctorate in History.
The proclaimed supply-side structural reform is not a carbon copy of Reagan’s policy. Rather, it is the continuation of the search for the Chinese way of development and efforts to adapt foreign teachings to Chinese conditions.
If the hypothetical Sino-American alliance expands beyond the economic framework and takes on a political dimension, this may motivate Europe to expand the geopolitical base by forging a union with Russia.
Russia and China have vehemently rejected the model of external “management by objectives.” They have been quite successful in effectuating a “transition without a destination” or, in other words, a type of transformation that does not envision a merger with already existing organizations on terms set forth by the latter.
At the beginning of the 21st century, the ‘Celestial Empire’ entered a period of unprecedented prosperity and unshakeable stability. A statement to this effect was made at the 16th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, which was held in the autumn of 2002. This document has had a great impact on life in China. However, in the near future China is likely to face some serious challenges, and the outcomes of these are presently difficult to predict.
At a roundtable event in Moscow, top experts debated the “hypocritical” and “insincere” foreign policies of both Russia and the West in the post-Cold War era.
Vladimir Putin has mentioned several times that the collapse of the Soviet Union was a geopolitical mistake. Although these words were often interpreted as his desire to constitute that country, there is little reason to believe this.
The April 16 referendum will focus on power distribution rather than institution building. In other words, the organizers saw it as an opportunity to expand the President’s powers and allow him to rule longer. In their turn, Turks perceived it as an institutional choice to contribute to the development of the state.
If the larger picture defies prediction, the immediate future is scarcely more transparent. In the U.S. case, the known unknowns are numerous. They begin with the question of how much deck furniture Trump is willing to overturn in order to pursue an “America First” strategy.
In the wake of the For Fair Elections protest movement in Russia in 2011-2012, the Kremlin initiated a new strategy of state-society relations that was aimed at diminishing the propensity for protest in the next election cycle.
Belarus’ traditional structural dependence on Russia is increasing, and Minsk’s freedom of maneuver continues to shrink.