Russia in Global Affairs http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/ Most influental russian analytical journal, devoted to foreign affairs and international economy, trade, culture and security issues /media/images/small_rus.gif Russia in Global Affairs http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/ http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Lukashenkos-Drift-To-The-West-Why-Moscow-Should-Not-Be-Worried-18538 Lukashenko’s “Drift To The West”: Why Moscow Should Not Be Worried Belarus’ traditional structural dependence on Russia is increasing, and Minsk’s freedom of maneuver continues to shrink. Tue, 17 Jan 2017 10:25:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Restructuring-Extractive-Economies-in-the-Caspian-Basin-Too-Little-Too-Late-18531 Restructuring Extractive Economies in the Caspian Basin: Too Little, Too Late? The oil- and gas-rich states of the Caspian Sea basin—Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan—registered phenomenal growth throughout most of the 2000s. However, the heady days of resource-fueled development now appear to be over, and local governments are suddenly struggling to overcome massive budget deficits, devalued currencies, and overall economic stagnation. Mon, 09 Jan 2017 12:48:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Is-Russia-Coming-to-Terms-with-Chinas-Silk-Road-18526 Is Russia Coming to Terms with China’s “Silk Road”? China’s Silk Road Economic Belt initiative has been developing at a fast pace since its launch a few years ago. Fri, 30 Dec 2016 11:40:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Ukraines-New-Government-Possibility-of-Progress-or-Another-Pre-Term-Election-in-Sight-18516 Ukraine’s New Government: Possibility of Progress or Another Pre-Term Election in Sight? Two and a half years after the Euromaidan revolution, Ukraine represents a mixed story of improvements and setbacks. Tue, 20 Dec 2016 14:19:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Putin-Is-Giving-America-a-Taste-of-its-Own-Medicine-18511 Putin Is Giving America a Taste of its Own Medicine Aiming to spread democracy, the U.S. has meddled in foreign countries’ politics for decades. Russia just returned the favor. Mon, 19 Dec 2016 10:19:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Counter-Radicalization-Policies-in-Central-Asia-The-Good-the-Bad-and-the-Ugly-18507 Counter-Radicalization Policies in Central Asia: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly In 2011, four Central Asian states signed a Joint Plan of Action in Ashgabat pledging to work together to counter radicalization and terrorism in the region. Tue, 13 Dec 2016 18:42:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Why-its-time-for-Russia-to-offer-more-than-just-a-vision-for-the-world-18502 Why it’s time for Russia to offer more than just a vision for the world It might be too early to sum up the international events of the outgoing year just yet, but everything that was meant to happen already has, and the principal consequences are evident. Thu, 08 Dec 2016 12:58:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Diplomacy-vs-hypocrisy-in-the-post-Cold-War-era-18501 Diplomacy vs. 'hypocrisy' in the post Cold War era At a roundtable event in Moscow, top experts debated the “hypocritical” and “insincere” foreign policies of both Russia and the West in the post-Cold War era. Thu, 08 Dec 2016 12:39:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Correction-of-Errors-How-the-Kremlin-Re-Equilibrated-Authoritarian-Elections-in-2016-18499 Correction of Errors: How the Kremlin Re-Equilibrated Authoritarian Elections in 2016 After Russia’s wave of protest during the 2011-2012 election cycle, the country’s authorities embarked on an effort to prevent anti-regime mass mobilization during subsequent election periods. Tue, 06 Dec 2016 11:49:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Russias-Use-of-Military-Force-as-a-Foreign-Policy-ToolIS-THERE-A-LOGIC-18475 Russia’s Use of Military Force as a Foreign Policy Tool IS THERE A LOGIC? Russia has used its military beyond its borders with unprecedented frequency in the period since the invasion of Crimea in February 2014. Wed, 23 Nov 2016 11:58:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/Global-Challenges-and-Russias-Foreign-Policy-18468 Global Challenges and Russia’s Foreign Policy The article discusses the results of Russian foreign policy since the collapse of the Soviet Union against the background of major new global and regional international trends and the policy of other major world powers. Sun, 20 Nov 2016 16:46:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Like-Obama-Trump-Is-Unlikely-to-Lead-as-the-Worlds-Policeman-18466 Like Obama, Trump Is Unlikely to Lead as the World’s Policeman Obama started dismantling America’s global obligations. Trump is likely to take that a step further. Fri, 18 Nov 2016 06:36:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/What-If-the-Soviet-Union-Had-Not-Collapsed-18454 What If… the Soviet Union Had Not Collapsed? The 13th annual meeting of the Valdai Discussion Club includes a special session on the theme “What if… the Soviet Union had not collapsed?” Wed, 09 Nov 2016 13:01:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/The-Kremlins-Arctic-Plans-More-Gutted-than-Grand-18449 The Kremlin’s Arctic Plans: More Gutted than Grand Over the past decade, Russia has launched a diplomatic and symbolic offensive in the Arctic, supported by increased military activity, grandiose economic plans, and showy assertions of sovereignty. Thu, 03 Nov 2016 15:04:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Prospects-for-the-Transatlantic-Trade-and-Investment-Partnership-Vis--Vis-Russias-Interests-18447 Prospects for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Vis ? Vis Russia’s Interests The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership is by far the most ambitious project in the field of contractual formats of regional economic cooperation, combining traditional measures to liberalize mutual trade with regulatory rules of economic activity on the territories of member states. If successful, this project will influence on the development of both the world economy and its regulatory mechanisms. Thu, 03 Nov 2016 14:21:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Nuclear-Weapons-in-the-Cyber-Age-New-Challenges-for-Security-Strategy-and-Stability-18445 Nuclear Weapons in the Cyber Age: New Challenges for Security, Strategy and Stability The safe, secure and reliable management of nuclear weapons has always been a complex and complicated business, plagued by uncertainty and risks. Thu, 03 Nov 2016 13:29:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/From-East-to-West-or-Greater-Eurasia-18440 From East to West, or Greater Eurasia Distinguished officials attending the Eastern Economic Forum recently held in Vladivostok argued at one of its sessions about who was actually the author of the idea of Russia’s pivot to the East. Tue, 25 Oct 2016 16:16:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/In-reading-Putin-dont-mistake-nostalgia-for-ambition-18437 In reading Putin, don’t mistake nostalgia for ambition Vladimir Putin has mentioned several times that the collapse of the Soviet Union was a geopolitical mistake. Although these words were often interpreted as his desire to constitute that country, there is little reason to believe this. Tue, 25 Oct 2016 08:34:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Are-China-and-Russia-Partnering-to-Create-an-Axis-18434 Are China and Russia Partnering to Create an Axis? After experiencing many ups and downs in their relationship, China and Russia have forged a strategic partnership since the advent of the 21st century. While Russia's relations with the United States and the European Union have hit a rough patch, its ties with China are on an upward trend. Thu, 20 Oct 2016 11:42:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Russia-Understanders-in-Europe-Discourses-Communication-Consequenc-18430 Russia “Understanders” in Europe: Discourses, Communication, Consequenc The Ukraine conflict reinforced the desire of Kremlin policymakers to establish connections with a range of anti-status-quo groups in Europe. Tue, 18 Oct 2016 16:33:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Power-Sharing-in-Europe-Models-for-the-Ukraine-18423 Power-Sharing in Europe: Models for the Ukraine? Some form of power-sharing arrangement could pave the way to reconciling the conflict in the Ukraine and in relations between the EU and Russia is a valid one. Wed, 12 Oct 2016 15:21:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/The-Return-of-Stalin--Understanding-the-Surge-of-Historical-Politics-in-Russia-18420 The “Return of Stalin”: Understanding the Surge of Historical Politics in Russia Two principal and emotional points of history have again been placed on the national stage: the Great Patriotic War (a unifying memory) and the era of Joseph Stalin (a point of contention). Tue, 11 Oct 2016 12:40:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Post-Western-World-and-the-Rise-of-a-Parallel-Order-18412 Post-Western World and the Rise of a Parallel Order In the coming weeks, observers from Moscow to Bras?lia will look towards the United States, where voters face a stark choice between two radically different presidential candidates. Thu, 06 Oct 2016 10:20:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Russias-Sovereign-Globalization-Insulation-Influence-and-Decline-18409 Russia’s “Sovereign Globalization”: Insulation, Influence, and Decline Economic problems are once again at the center of debates about Russia’s future. For the first time under the Putin presidency, the country faces a protracted decline in living standards. Tue, 04 Oct 2016 12:29:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/More-Europe-18407 More Europe! No one would be served by cutting short the unique European experiment. It should develop and be an example for other regions to emulate. Tue, 04 Oct 2016 11:43:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Everyday-Patriotism-and-Putins-Foreign-Policy-18403 Everyday Patriotism and Putin’s Foreign Policy Discussions of popular support for the Kremlin’s foreign policy often invoke common international relations concepts, like the “rally around the flag” effect... Thu, 29 Sep 2016 16:37:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Unity-and-Struggle-18388 Unity and Struggle The scope of China’s containment is broadening, while the scope of U.S.-China cooperation is gradually narrowing. Of course, it is easy not to see this if one cites high volumes of U.S.-Chinese trade or the great enthusiasm for American popular culture among the Chinese. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 20:15:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Missiles-in-Europe-Back-to-the-Future-18387 Missiles in Europe: Back to the Future? New disarmament talks are hardly necessary. With the West continuing to dominate the information space, such talks would only be used for inciting greater mistrust and militarizing mentality in Europe. But there is the need for military-to-military dialogue. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 19:18:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Illusion-as-a-Necessity-18386 Illusion as a Necessity Like any ideology, patriotism comes along with an illusion of being part of “a big common cause.” However, illusion here is not deception, but an objective necessity, something that has to be hidden for society to continue to exist and at the same time adequately conceived at a conscious level. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 15:57:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Inevitable-Weird-World-18385 The Inevitable, Weird World The claim about an irreversible crisis of the liberal world order is a very convenient position for those who would like to simplify not only the overall picture, but also the challenges to the Russian foreign policy. Russia should learn to see not only problems in globalization, but also new opportunities for itself. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 15:44:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Make-Something-Great-Again-18384 Make Something Great Again The future and the past can meet sometimes—when the present is at an impasse, like it is today. For a quarter of a century now, we have been tirelessly building a new world order, but suddenly time seems to have rolled back, reviving the talk of a new Cold War, an ideological conflict, arms control, and nuclear confrontation. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 15:28:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/To-Keep-Your-Balance-Keep-Moving-18394 To Keep Your Balance, Keep Moving Neither crises nor criticism mean that the EU will fall apart. It will maintain its stability even though it will be engaged not even in major repairs but in patching up and papering over the cracks. Brussels will focus on consolidating what has been achieved, which will require pinpoint harmonization in particular spheres. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 15:27:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Good-Bye-Familiar-America-18393 Good-Bye Familiar America? U.S. foreign policy is entering an era of change—the most significant since the Truman administration. The cause of such changes lies in the discrepancy between the U.S. foreign policy consensus reached at that time and forged in the 1990s, and the current (and, most likely, future) global trends. The departure from the current consensus is inevitable. It is just a matter of time. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 14:59:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Law-and-National-Interest-18392 Law and National Interest Russia should reasonably assess the need for itself to participate in old, mostly European, formats of integration, and to think of new formats that would be more consistent with modern requirements. The principles of Russia’s interaction should be revised in favor of greater pragmatism and protection of national interest. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 14:45:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Before-the-Change-at-the-Helm-of-the-UN-18391 Before the Change at the Helm of the UN For the UN to continue to be truly indispensable, international officials and national governments, members of the academic elite and civil society leaders will have to reach consensus on the way ahead, avoiding over-ambitious plans, but also half-measures portrayed as full-fledged reforms. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 14:30:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Oil-Back-in-Vogue-18400 Oil Back in Vogue The global energy market continues to be driven by the political economy of oil production and trade. Energy markets have come full circle returning to their fundamentals: oil is there to stay and play an important role in the era of slow melting of the oil surplus. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 09:47:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Old-Goals-New-Tasks-18399 Old Goals, New Tasks In view of the accelerated development of new technologies and potentially low energy prices, the struggle for energy markets will intensify. No matter in what areas energy cooperation may develop in the future, its main task will be attracting investment, technologies and human capital into the Russian fuel/energy sector. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 09:33:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/How-Far-Can-the-Islamic-Threat-Reach-18398 How Far Can the Islamic Threat Reach? Despite its geographical remoteness from conflicts involving radical Islamists, the Russian Far East is not completely isolated from them. Preventing the growth of extremist threats in the Russian Far East and the Asia-Pacific region as a whole requires joint efforts of all states concerned. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 08:58:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/If-Stakes-Have-Failed-18397 If Stakes Have Failed Central Asian countries will have to adjust their old stakes, which have failed, and make new ones. They will largely depend on the positions external partners will take. But countries in the region want economic cooperation without a geopolitical “burden.” Sun, 25 Sep 2016 08:45:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Interconnecting-Strategies-18396 Interconnecting Strategies It seems Washington wants to provoke China into muscle-flexing. If Beijing shows restraint and cold calculation in response, this may have a restrictive, if not sobering, effect on Washington. Russia is interested in preventing the South China Sea from becoming a proving ground for testing the strength of one’s nerves. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 08:31:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Great-Win-Win-Game-18395 The Great Win-Win Game A hypothetical alliance between Russia and China is based on the assumption that it should serve as a counterweight to the U.S. hegemony. That thinking, however, overlooks the possibility that Moscow and Beijing might build closer relations for dealing with the important challenges they both face. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 08:14:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/The-Tale-of-Three-Legitimacies-The-Shifting-Tone-and-Enduring-Substance-of-Moscows-Ukraine-Policy-18 The Tale of Three Legitimacies: The Shifting Tone and Enduring Substance of Moscow’s Ukraine Policy The ongoing military conflict between Russia and Ukraine is a stark reminder that shifts in political tone and military tactics do not necessarily correlate with each other or represent substantive shifts in a state’s foreign policy goals. Tue, 20 Sep 2016 12:36:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Big-20-to-Big-Game-Power-Politics-Are-Returning-Which-Suits-Russia-18355 Big 20 to Big Game: Power Politics Are Returning, Which Suits Russia The G20 meeting in China was a milestone in international relations. Until only recently, world leaders were certain that the global economy and increased connectivity had helped stabilize and define the new world order. Now, however, the pendulum has turned back towards a classic game between the great powers, and Russia is again feeling right in its element. Fri, 09 Sep 2016 10:44:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Europe-Seen-From-the-Outside---the-British-View-18354 Europe Seen From the Outside - the British View A political counter-revolution against the European Union is underway. Brexit is likely to be seen in hindsight as just the first of many tremors leading up to a larger political earthquake that will be felt all over the European continent. Fri, 09 Sep 2016 10:25:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Labour-Migration-from-Central-Asia-to-Russia-in-the-Context-of-the-Economic-Crisis-18334 Labour Migration from Central Asia to Russia in the Context of the Economic Crisis The migration corridor that has formed between the countries of Central Asia and Russia is one of the largest and most stable in Eurasia and the world. Wed, 31 Aug 2016 12:56:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/The-EUs-Crises-and-its-Future-18321 The EU's Crises and its Future At present, five problem areas can be singled out in the EU. These are crises of: internal political leadership and solidarity; the stability of a single currency and economic growth; normative leadership; immigration and the terrorist threat; and finally, legitimacy. Sun, 21 Aug 2016 12:23:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Global-Energy-and-the-Political-Dynamics-in-the-Middle-East-18319 Global Energy and the Political Dynamics in the Middle East This article reviews key dynamics in the Middle Eastern oil and gas to explain how they shape the global energy picture. The author makes sense of the Saudi-Iran relations and the role OPEC is set to play in the emerging energy landscape. Finally, political developments in the broader region, including Turkey, are discussed. Sun, 21 Aug 2016 07:45:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/A-New-Page-in-Russian-Turkish-Relations-18312 A New Page in Russian-Turkish Relations? The talks between Erdogan and Putin herald a new era in Russian-Turkish relations, as Turks now see Russia as a true friend and admire Russia’s motion to support the Turkish President in the midst of a coup, Valdai Club expert Huseyin Bagci believes. Thu, 11 Aug 2016 12:30:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/How-the-World-Looks-From-the-Russian-Perspective-18303 How the World Looks From the Russian Perspective In the future, a duumvirate may emerge in Central Asia, in which China will provide investment and resources, and Russia will contribute security and geopolitical stability. Mon, 01 Aug 2016 12:46:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Winter-and-Spring-Together-Geocultural-Signs-of-Renewal-Throughout-Europe-18300 Winter and Spring Together, Geocultural Signs of Renewal Throughout Europe Despite its deep crisis of identity, spawned by nihilistic elites who are both unable to give a sense to existence and to act in favour of the common good, France is marked by a discreet renewal. Thu, 28 Jul 2016 11:04:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/People-With-Big-Ambitions-What-the-Turkish-Coup-Means-for-Russia-18292 People With Big Ambitions: What the Turkish Coup Means for Russia From the beginning, Turkey was one of the most active and ambitious players in the so-called Arab Spring that shook the foundations of the Middle East from 2010-2012. It is no surprise that such outward instability has seeped inward. Wed, 20 Jul 2016 11:43:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/After-Nice-a-continent-contemplates-an-ever-clearer-truth-18289 After Nice, a continent contemplates an ever-clearer truth As yet another attack claims a shocking toll in innocent lives in France, political analyst Fyodor Lukyanov writes how terrorist acts and the helplessness of secret services are changing Europe before our very eyes Sat, 16 Jul 2016 13:48:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/The-Spirit-of-the-Cold-War-Is-Back-as-NATO-Confronts-Russia-18287 The Spirit of the Cold War Is Back as NATO Confronts Russia After a long quest for a new mission, when NATO tested different roles from global world policemen and expeditionary super-unit to soft security provider and democracy promoter, the organization is back to its habitual business: to contain Russia. What a relief after years of wandering! Fri, 15 Jul 2016 19:01:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/After-Brexit-Europes-Dueling-Nostalgias-18286 After Brexit, Europe’s Dueling Nostalgias As the European Union hangs in the balance, both sides seem to be thinking of past golden ages instead of planning for the future. Fri, 15 Jul 2016 17:50:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-EU-Looks-Like-the-Dying-Soviet-Empire-18283 The EU Looks Like the Dying Soviet Empire The United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union—for which the majority of the British people voted in a referendum—has become an international sensation. Thu, 14 Jul 2016 09:34:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/US-Policy-And-Globalization-Before-And-After-the-Global-Financial-Crisis-18275 US Policy And Globalization: Before And After the Global Financial Crisis How has decay of the American Empire affected globalization? Does the apparent fragmentation of older, Bretton Woods era, more universal forms of global governance into more regional forms imply US relative decline? Mon, 11 Jul 2016 15:04:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/Missiles-in-Europe-Back-to-the-Future-18267 Missiles in Europe: Back to the Future? There is an increasingly strong feeling of d?j? vu as some of Russia’s Western partners are trying to replay the scenario of the late 1970s and early 1980s when the deployment of Soviet SS-20 medium-range missiles and American Pershing and land-based cruise missiles in Europe triggered a long military-political crisis. As a result, d?tente in Europe was halted or even reversed for many years. Sat, 09 Jul 2016 10:11:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Failure-of-Institutional-Binding-in-NATO-Russia-Relations-18262 The Failure of Institutional Binding in NATO-Russia Relations NATO and Russia have failed to develop institutionalized relations that would bind each side to predictable patterns of behavior. As a result, Europe is now locked in a dangerous spiral of security competition. In order to avoid conflict in the future both sides need to find new ways to make institutional binding work. Wed, 06 Jul 2016 16:33:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Russia-and-China-in-Central-Asia-The-Great-Win-Win-Game-18259 Russia and China in Central Asia: The Great Win-Win Game The SCO summit in Tashkent and Russian President's visit to China which took place in June have provided a good occasion to discuss the need for strengthening multilateral cooperation and ensuring regional security. Fri, 01 Jul 2016 21:37:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Without-a-Common-Space-A-New-Agenda-for-Russia-EU-Relations-18257 Without a “Common Space”: A New Agenda for Russia-EU Relations It is unlikely that the current impasse in Russia-EU relations will be resolved within the next few years. It appeared long before the Ukrainian crisis. It is so deeply rooted that it will persist even if the con?ict in Donbass deescalates and the Minsk agreements are fully implemented. Both sides advocate fundamentally incompatible models for Russia-EU relations and for the economic and political order that should prevail in both “Wider Europe” and Eurasia. Fri, 01 Jul 2016 20:27:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Brexit-Is-a-Mutiny-Against-the-Cosmopolitan-Elite-18225 Brexit Is a Mutiny Against the Cosmopolitan Elite London — Brexit was a vote against London, globalization and multiculturalism as much as a vote against Europe. Tue, 28 Jun 2016 14:27:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Week-Britain-Pretended-It-Was-Ukraine-Op-Ed-18224 The Week Britain Pretended It Was Ukraine (Op-Ed) If there is anything the last two years should have taught us, it is that the unthinkable can happen — separatism, disintegration, even wars — and that it can happen very quickly. Tue, 28 Jun 2016 13:53:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Do-Russia-and-the-West-really-need-a-pseudo-ideological-confrontation-18223 Do Russia and the West really need a pseudo-ideological confrontation? Analyst discusses possible scenarios on heels of recent SPIEF meetings. Tue, 28 Jun 2016 13:48:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Korean-Peninsula-Is-a-War-Imminent-18254 The Korean Peninsula: Is a War Imminent? The North Korean issue has become an irritant not only in relations between “continental” and “oceanic” powers, but also within each of the camps and specifically between the United States and South Korea, and Russia and China. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 11:05:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Russias-Role-in-Asia-Pacific-Security-Architecture-18253 Russia’s Role in Asia-Pacific Security Architecture If there is a key lesson to be drawn from the history of international relations, it is that, in extremis, political and security considerations almost inevitably triumph over economic considerations. Nothing is less certain. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 11:03:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Peak-Moment-for-China-Russia-Ties-18252 The Peak Moment for China-Russia Ties China-Russia ties are at their best and will remain stable for a long time. Meanwhile, the Sino-American relationship will increasingly run into trouble. As the American leaders will hardly give up their hegemonic policy, the strategic partnership between Beijing and Moscow will remain a healthy check on Washington’s “unipolar folly.” Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:59:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Russias-Turn-Eastward-Chinas-Turn-Westward-18251 Russia’s Turn Eastward, China’s Turn Westward A careful management of diverging interests and lingering conflicts of Russia and China in Central Asia, and expanding economic links as a gradual approach to economic integration could amount to something the EU can learn—and benefit—from. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:57:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Betting-on-Legitimacy-18249 Betting on Legitimacy Every legitimacy dispute revolves around a special combination of the internal and the external. International or external legitimacy is a resource for self-assertion in the global community and it is also a resource for those who wish to challenge the state system. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:49:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Memory-Control-18250 Memory Control Manipulative use of history becomes one of the central issues in today’s political language. When the Nord Stream gas pipeline is described as a new Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, this devalues people’ memory and paralyzes their ability to conduct a substantive political discussion. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:49:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Water-and-Peace-18248 Water and Peace The only strategic response to the global water challenge and international competition for water would be to improve water use efficiency by redistributing water intakes and introducing new water use technologies. Importantly, these measures do not require redistributing water flows among countries. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:46:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Supply-Side-Reform-Chinese-Style-18247 Supply-Side Reform, Chinese Style The proclaimed supply-side structural reform is not a carbon copy of Reagan’s policy. Rather, it is the continuation of the search for the Chinese way of development and efforts to adapt foreign teachings to Chinese conditions. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:39:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Countercyclical-Policies-18246 Countercyclical Policies Russia might have a unique chance to take a qualitative leap as part of a new industrial revolution rather than catch up with the outgoing technological mode. Preparing human resources for such a leap may be the quintessence of Russia’s current countercyclical policy. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:35:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Marriage-of-Convenience-18245 Marriage of Convenience Russia and Iran have found themselves to be partners of convenience in Syria. Their interaction is limited due to different motives behind their interference in the conflict and the possibility to harm their relations with third states. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:32:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Caught-in-the-Web-of-Archaic-Policies-18244 Caught in the Web of Archaic Policies The Syrian conflict has provided an example of the profound virtualization of politics (and even its power component) and of creating stable pre-engineered actors exclusively for the communication space. The “moderate opposition” is the most noteworthy one. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:29:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Limits-of-Capabilities-18243 The Limits of Capabilities The analysis of the Russian Navy’s involvement in the Syrian campaign suggests two conclusions. The first one is rather optimistic: the Russian Navy has begun to recover after a long period of decline. The second one is less comforting: the Navy is already facing a shortage of ships of almost all major classes. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:27:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Learning-Lessons-of-Donald-Cook--18242 Learning Lessons of Donald Cook The Baltic Sea region is gradually becoming center stage in the clash of interests between Russia and NATO members. There is an obvious need for a document on mutual understanding between Russia and NATO to resolve dangerous incidents. The assessment of any actions of one party or another should be strictly legal. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:23:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/What-Makes-A-Great-Power-War-Possible-18241 What Makes A Great Power War Possible Numerous international competitors see the use of force as a solution to their challenges. In relations between Russia and NATO, China and Japan, Iran and Saudi Arabia, power plays unfold with unpredictable repercussions. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:19:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Old-Threats-in-the-New-Circumstances-18240 Old Threats in the New Circumstances Life is never dull. The results of the British referendum, hardly expected by anyone, came as a new wake-up call clearly signaling that there is not a place left on Earth where politics could be predictable. Now everyone is waiting with bated breath for the outcome of the presidential election in the United States where all think that Donald Trump simply cannot win, but are no longer certain. Fri, 17 Jun 2016 10:16:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Russian-Islam-and-the-Situation-in-the-Middle-East-18211 Russian Islam and the Situation in the Middle East Islam is one of Russia’s four traditional religions – faiths with longstanding presence in the country. Unlike many European countries, where immigration contributes to the growth of the Muslim population, Russia’s Muslims are local people, long-established populations with ethnic traditions reaching centuries back. Tue, 14 Jun 2016 15:48:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Russias-Turn-Eastward-Chinas-Turn-Westward-Cooperation-and-Conflict-on-the-New-Silk-Road-18209 Russia’s Turn Eastward, China’s Turn Westward: Cooperation and Conflict on the New Silk Road The views and opinions expressed in this Paper are those of the author and do not represent the views of the Valdai Discussion Club, unless explicitly stated otherwise. Tue, 14 Jun 2016 13:30:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Will-Russia-integrate-into-the-Western-world-post-sanctions-18207 Will Russia integrate into the Western world, post-sanctions? Recent overtures by top EU and German officials usher in hopes that relations between Moscow and the West could be on the verge of a turn for the better – but the real question is what direction Russia will take after sanctions are lifted and the tensions have abated. Tue, 14 Jun 2016 11:35:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Turkey-as-a-mirror-of-the-New-World-18205 Turkey as a mirror of the New World The policies of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan are typically viewed as the determining factor for everything that happens within or in connection with Turkey. And, doubtless, a president with such a single-minded desire for power, glory and a place in history does have a significant impact on a country’s course. However, Turkey is an example of how the world is changing in general, and objective factors play a no-less-crucial role than subjective ones in that process. Thu, 09 Jun 2016 10:08:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/Russian-Foreign-Policy-Finding-New-Bearings-18203 Russian Foreign Policy Finding New Bearings This year will see the 25th anniversary of the Soviet Union’s breakup and the emergence of new Russia on its ruins. Time is ripe for taking stocks and mapping a road into the future. Tue, 07 Jun 2016 14:45:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Does-North-Korea-Have-a-Place-in-Russias-Turn-to-the-East-18193 Does North Korea Have a Place in Russia’s “Turn to the East”? What are the prospects for Russian-North Korean relations today? Wed, 01 Jun 2016 09:09:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Russia-Turkey-Relations-and-Security-Issues-in-the-Caucasus-18189 Russia-Turkey Relations and Security Issues in the Caucasus Last year’s incident with the Russian Su-24 jet instantly changed the very nature of Russia-Turkey relations. What used to be viewed by the leaders of the two countries as a strategic partnership was replaced with harsh confrontation. Mon, 30 May 2016 14:51:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/US-Russia-Nuclear-Lab-to-Lab-Cooperation-Looking-Back-on-a-Quarter-Century-of-Constructive-Relations U.S.-Russia Nuclear Lab-to-Lab Cooperation: Looking Back on a Quarter Century of Constructive Relations With the latest protracted nosedive in U.S.-Russia relations, when areas of cooperation have continued to shrink, it is beneficial to reflect on historically constructive joint endeavors, such as the cooperation between the two countries’ nuclear weapon laboratories (“lab-to-lab cooperation”). Fri, 20 May 2016 12:40:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Will-Europe-Blink-First-on-Ukraine-18167 Will Europe Blink First on Ukraine? Since July 2014, when Malaysian Airlines MH17 was shot down over the Donbas, the European Union has demonstrated an unprecedented level of solidarity with Ukraine that extends far beyond macroeconomic and technical assistance. Tue, 17 May 2016 08:46:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/US-Views-of-Moscow-and-Beijings-Eurasian-Ambitions-18164 U.S. Views of Moscow and Beijing’s Eurasian Ambitions How Washington Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Eurasian Integration Thu, 12 May 2016 11:41:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/The-Limits-to-Russian-Soft-Power-in-Georgia-18159 The Limits to Russian Soft Power in Georgia Russia’s use of soft power in Georgia has become an obligatory talking point in discussion of the two countries’ relations. Tue, 10 May 2016 09:02:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Putins-Foreign-Policy-18133 Putin's Foreign Policy The era of bipolar confrontation ended a long time ago. But the unipolar moment of U.S. dominance that began in 1991 is gone, too. A new, multipolar world has brought more uncertainty into international affairs. Wed, 04 May 2016 07:47:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/The-Iranian-Deal-Opportunities-and-Obstacles-for-Russian-US-Cooperation-18131 The Iranian Deal: Opportunities and Obstacles for Russian-US Cooperation On July 14, 2015, the United States, Russia, China, France, UK, Germany, the European Union and Iran concluded the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), commonly known as the “Iran deal,” with the goal of ending the standoff over the Iranian nuclear program. Fri, 29 Apr 2016 16:46:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/What-Russias-Military-Operation-in-Syria-Can-Tell-Us-About-Advances-in-its-Capabilities-18126 What Russia's Military Operation in Syria Can Tell Us About Advances in its Capabilities As Russia begins to wind down its military operation in Syria, it is time to assess what it has taught us about how the Russian military operates. Tue, 26 Apr 2016 18:04:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/New-ideological-struggle-18124 New ideological struggle? The disintegration of the Soviet Union created a decade-long illusion that the era of ideologies and ideological struggle was over and the world was moving towards a single system of values based on Western liberal democracy and capitalism. Europe and America fascinated the world with their freedom and winning political system... Tue, 26 Apr 2016 12:41:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Can-Russias-Peace-Plan-for-Syria-Work-18123 Can Russia’s Peace Plan for Syria Work? When it comes to Russia’s geopolitics, the international community has a lot to grumble about. Mon, 25 Apr 2016 10:18:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Does-Islam-Challenge-the-Legitimacy-of-Uzbekistans-Government-18118 Does Islam Challenge the Legitimacy of Uzbekistan’s Government? For more than twenty years, Uzbekistan has had no real political change and remains one of the most authoritarian countries in the world. How has President Islam Karimov held onto the reins of power for so long? Wed, 20 Apr 2016 14:00:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/The-Middle-East-the-main-trends-18114 The Middle East: the main trends The Valdai Discussion Club hosted the 5th meeting of the Valdai Middle East dialogue, «The Middle East: From Violence to Security.» The following is a summary of the discussions and conclusions reached by its participants. Tue, 19 Apr 2016 12:33:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Industrial-cooperation-path-to-confluence-of-russian-and-chinese-economies-18111 Industrial cooperation: path to confluence of russian and chinese economies The strategic partnership with China began in 1996 (just in time when this form of bilateral cooperation first became available), and it was considered by the leaders of Russia and China as a geopolitical rather than economic project. Mon, 18 Apr 2016 15:56:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Housing-and-Political-Grievances-in-Post-Soviet-Eurasia-18107 Housing and Political Grievances in Post-Soviet Eurasia Due in part to the legacy of the Soviet system, in which the state allocated housing to families and individuals on the basis of non-market principles, and in part to endemic housing shortages in the post-Soviet era, housing concerns are an important potential source of political grievances in post-Soviet states. Fri, 15 Apr 2016 12:32:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Misinterpreting-Nationalism-Why-Russkii-is-Not-a-Sign-of-Ethnonationalism-18105 Misinterpreting Nationalism: Why Russkii is Not a Sign of Ethnonationalism Many observers of Russian political life have noted a shift in President Vladimir Putin’s language toward greater “ethnonationalism.” Wed, 13 Apr 2016 14:55:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Governance-for-a-World-Without-World-Government-18101 Governance for a World Without World Government G20 must complement its core composition with a consultative network that reaches out to other governments, business, civil society, and think tanks. Its aim should be to consult and cultivate, not command and control, so that others believe they have a genuine voice and are legitimate stakeholders. Tue, 12 Apr 2016 14:12:00 +0300