Russia in Global Affairs http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/ Most influental russian analytical journal, devoted to foreign affairs and international economy, trade, culture and security issues /media/images/small_rus.gif Russia in Global Affairs http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/ http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/RussianChinese-Dialogue-The-2017-Model-18737 Russian–Chinese Dialogue: The 2017 Model This report presents the results of analysis of the state of Russia–China relations in 2016 and the first quarter of 2017. Mon, 29 May 2017 12:22:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-and-the-G7-Summit-Much-Will-Depend-on-What-Trump-Wants-18734 Russia and the G7 Summit: Much Will Depend on What Trump Wants The question of Russia's return to the G7 is not on the agenda of the summit, which will be held on May 26-27 in Taormina, Italy. Fri, 26 May 2017 15:11:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/How-and-Why-the-United-States-and-Russia-Can-Cooperate-on-Terrorism-18733 How and Why the United States and Russia Can Cooperate on Terrorism Disagreements between Russia and the United States on how to counter violent extremism and terrorism are long-term and objective in nature. Thu, 25 May 2017 16:07:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Strategic-Solidarity-How-Central-Asia-Responds-to-the-Kremlins-Exhortations--18731 Strategic Solidarity: How Central Asia Responds to the Kremlin's Exhortations The Central Asian states have endeavored over the past two decades to maintain the appropriate amount of distance from the regional hegemon, Russia. Thu, 25 May 2017 14:49:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Mogerinis-Adviser-Pragmatism-Becomes-the-Basis-of-EU-Foreign-Policy-18729 Mogerini's Adviser: Pragmatism Becomes the Basis of EU Foreign Policy Despite the contradictions between the EU member states, they become aware that they would eventually get more from joint actions than from satisfying one hundred percent of their desires, said Nathalie Tocci, adviser to the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini. Thu, 25 May 2017 09:21:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-and-the-West-How-to-Deal-with-the-Threat-of-Extremism-18728 Russia and the West: How to Deal with the Threat of Extremism The threat of terrorism and extremism will undoubtedly be among the priorities on the agenda of the upcoming NATO summit in Brussels. Thu, 25 May 2017 09:06:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Hindu-Nationalism-A-Reality-Check-for-Liberalism-and-Globalisation-18726 Hindu Nationalism: A Reality Check for Liberalism and Globalisation The election victories of Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist party in India are in some respects the greatest moral and intellectual blow that Western liberalism has suffered in Eurasia since the end of the Cold War. Tue, 23 May 2017 15:12:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Iran-voted-Rouhani-again--now-what-The-350-billion-question-for-Trump--18722 Iran voted Rouhani again – now what? The $350-billion question for Trump For a country labelled a theocracy, Iran certainly knows how to throw a presidential election. One more cynical than I may even go so far as to posit that Iran has mastered the art of democracy, right down to the posters and caps. Mon, 22 May 2017 09:54:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Presidential-Elections-in-Iran-Will-Not-Affect-Relations-with-Russia-18721 Presidential Elections in Iran Will Not Affect Relations with Russia If the current President of Iran, Hassan Rouhani is defeated, we should expect significant changes in the country's domestic and foreign policies, but this will not affect relations with Russia. Mon, 22 May 2017 09:35:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Could-Trump-have-passed-sensitive-information-to-Russia-18720 Could Trump have passed sensitive information to Russia? On Monday, May 15, many media outlets in the U.S. strong criticized President Donald Trump. This time he was accused of passing confidential information to Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, relating to the fight against Islamic State. The accusers themselves, however, admit that Trump has not violated any American laws. Fri, 19 May 2017 12:07:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Russias-Allies-and-the-Geopolitical-Frontier-in-Eurasia-18718 Russia’s Allies and the Geopolitical Frontier in Eurasia The risk of Russia’s involvement in low-intensity military conflicts has been growing since the early 2000s. Instability along many stretches of the border has forced Moscow to increase its military presence in the neighboring areas. Thu, 18 May 2017 14:18:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Russias-Strategic-Calculus-Threat-Perceptions-and-Military-Doctrine--18714 Russia’s Strategic Calculus: Threat Perceptions and Military Doctrine Russian foreign policy is driven by the political elites’ search for a new basis for national self-esteem after the collapse of the Soviet Union disrupted old Soviet identities. Thu, 18 May 2017 13:03:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Macron-Will-Succeed-Internationally-Only-If-He-Improves-Frances-Economy-18711 Macron Will Succeed Internationally Only If He Improves France’s Economy While it is difficult to say how France’s relationship with Germany and the European Union will change as Emmanuel Macron’s cabinet is still being formed, it is clear that the new French president’s priority will be in rebalancing relations. Thu, 18 May 2017 11:36:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/-18716 It’s Not All Negative: Russian Media’s Flexible Coverage of Protest as a Regime Survival Strategy Pundits continue to debate whether economic shocks, public discontent at home, and isolation abroad will shake President Vladimir Putin’s regime. Wed, 17 May 2017 13:37:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Central-Asia-and-the-Global-International-Context-18709 Central Asia and the Global International Context The fashion for Central Asia in international political and expert circles is notably weaker than what it was 10 or 15 years ago. This is due to the logic of international developments and the emergence of permanent sources of instability and tensions in other parts of the world, primarily in the Middle East. Wed, 17 May 2017 12:13:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/RussiaJapan-Political-Dialogue-at-the-Highest-Level-Opportunities-and-Perspectives-18708 Russia–Japan Political Dialogue at the Highest Level: Opportunities and Perspectives The asymmetry of the views and interests of the two sides with respect to a dialogue at the highest level significantly limits both the opportunities and the visible effects of that dialogue. As we move deeper into the drawn-out Russia–Japan dialogue, expectations as to what can actually be achieved have inevitably dwindled. Wed, 17 May 2017 11:50:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/What-stops-Moscow-and-Beijing-from-forming-a-military-bloc-18705 What stops Moscow and Beijing from forming a military bloc? Given the level of contacts at the military level between Russia and China, the countries already have a de facto military bloc, but there is little chance of such an alliance becoming formal. Mon, 15 May 2017 15:39:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/One-Belt-One-Road-Russia-and-China-Can-Solve-Political-Problems-through-Economy-18704 One Belt, One Road. Russia and China Can Solve Political Problems through Economy On May 14-15 Beijing hosted The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation. Russian President Vladimir Putin in his speech spoke about prospects for cooperation with Russia in the implementation of the Chinese New Silk Road economic initiative. Mon, 15 May 2017 15:30:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Mistrust-Sets-Low-Ceiling-for-Russia-China-Partnership-Deconstructing-the-Putin-Xi-Jinping-Relations Mistrust Sets Low Ceiling for Russia-China Partnership: Deconstructing the Putin-Xi Jinping Relationship No amount of propaganda can hide the fact that the Russian-Chinese partnership is not progressing well. Fri, 12 May 2017 13:19:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Defense-Through-Leadership-Turkey-on-the-Eve-of-Its-Constitutional-Referendum-18686 Defense Through Leadership: Turkey on the Eve of Its Constitutional Referendum The April 16 referendum will focus on power distribution rather than institution building. In other words, the organizers saw it as an opportunity to expand the President’s powers and allow him to rule longer. In their turn, Turks perceived it as an institutional choice to contribute to the development of the state. Tue, 18 Apr 2017 14:18:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Heres-Why-US-Russia-Military-Conflict-Over-Syria-Is-Looking-More-And-More-Likely-18676 Here’s Why U.S.-Russia Military Conflict Over Syria Is Looking More And More Likely To repair his abysmal approval rating, Trump is likely to further intervene in Syria, prompting a dangerous Russian response. Tue, 11 Apr 2017 17:32:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Into-the-Unknown-US-Russian-Relations-Unhinged-18675 Into the Unknown: U.S.-Russian Relations Unhinged If the larger picture defies prediction, the immediate future is scarcely more transparent. In the U.S. case, the known unknowns are numerous. They begin with the question of how much deck furniture Trump is willing to overturn in order to pursue an “America First” strategy. Tue, 11 Apr 2017 16:35:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Russia-China-and-Balance-of-Dependence-in-Greater-Eurasia-18673 Russia, China and ‘Balance of Dependence’ in Greater Eurasia The success of a region-building project is largely contingent on constructing a ‘balance of dependence’. The Greater Europe initiative inevitably failed as the attempt to ingrate almost exclusively with Europe deprived Russia of the required bargaining power to negotiate adequate inclusion. Tue, 11 Apr 2017 15:56:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/Russias-Victory-new-Concert-of-Nations-18641 Russia’s Victory, new Concert of Nations Russia was resolved and would win, which it actually did by the beginning of 2016. Threats to tear its economy to tatters and organize regime change either through asphyxiating sanctions, organizing “a conspiracy of oligarchs” or popular discontent have been forgotten. Fri, 31 Mar 2017 12:54:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Dont-hold-your-breath-for-a-deal-between-Russia-and-the-US-18620 Don’t hold your breath for a deal between Russia and the U.S. The U.S. and Russia will most likely return to pragmatic relations after years of an ideologically-driven foreign policy under President Obama. However, both countries will probably harden their stance towards the other, and dramatic breakthroughs are unlikely. Mon, 06 Mar 2017 10:58:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Azerbaijans-Geopolitical-Identity-in-the-Context-of-the-21st-Century-Challenges-and-Prospects-18618 Azerbaijan’s Geopolitical Identity in the Context of the 21st Century Challenges and Prospects Contemporary international relations are experiencing a period of turbulence and transition from a unipolar world to a world with multiple centers of power with strengthened role of regionalization. In these circumstances relatively small states try to maximize the resource of geopolitical identity to conduct their foreign policies. Thu, 02 Mar 2017 14:57:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Canaries-in-a-Coal-Mine-Why-the-United-States-is-Experiencing-an-Epidemic-of-Indiscriminate-Mass-Mur Canaries in a Coal Mine. Why the United States is Experiencing an Epidemic of Indiscriminate Mass Murder In the old days coal miners took a caged canary down into mines. If the canary suddenly dropped dead, that meant that the deadly gas, carbon monoxide, was slowly seeping into the shaft... An order of magnitude increase in killing rampages in America over the last several decades is like canaries suddenly starting to drop dead all around us. It is an early indicator of much worse troubles to come. Mon, 27 Feb 2017 11:41:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/Mutual-Assured-Deterrence-18609 Mutual Assured Deterrence The degradation of governance within the international system is a hot topic nowadays – and for good reason. The underpinnings of the rules-based world order are crumbling, and basic norms of international behavior and decency are in decay. By almost any definition, we seem to be living in a dangerous – even prewar – type of world. Wed, 22 Feb 2017 14:39:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Uncertain-World-Economy-Time-to-Manage-the-Global-Governance-18607 Uncertain World Economy: Time to Manage the Global Governance The world economy enters a new phase of prolonged recession without any breakthrough in sight. International community seems no longer capable of creating new global initiatives Wed, 22 Feb 2017 14:03:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Anti-Elite-Protests-and-the-Future-Of-Democracy-18605 Anti-Elite Protests and the Future Of Democracy The article reveals causes of the social protest and the emergence of qualitatively new components in relationship between the elite and society. Wed, 22 Feb 2017 13:23:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Between-Empire-and-Nation-State-18594 Between Empire and Nation State Between the nation and the empire there lies the term ‘civilization.’ Russia will be doomed to build its identity on the archetypes of civilizational loneliness (an imperial feeling) as there is no system to build itself into to obtain guarantees of further existence. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 12:57:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/West-and-East-Things-to-Discuss-and-Agreements-to-Forge-18593 West and East: Things to Discuss and Agreements to Forge True, dialogue is unable to produce final solutions to global problems or achieve the triumph of world peace. But it is a mandatory condition for the coexistence of civilizations, cultures, peoples, and countries, of the West and the “Easts.” Mon, 13 Feb 2017 12:44:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Two-Heads-of-the-Russian-Eagle-18592 Two Heads of the Russian Eagle The last thing anyone in Asia would be interested in is self-reflection and ambivalence inherent in the Russian socio-political consciousness, and our discussions of value or civilizational imperatives. People in the Asia-Pacific region respect effectiveness, the ability to achieve goals, consistency and perseverance. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 12:36:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Birth-of-a-Greater-Eurasia-18591 The Birth of a Greater Eurasia While only recently the West’s dominance looked absolute, now the roles of the teacher and the student, the leader and the straggler are no longer definitely assigned. Сompetition in interpreting reality, defining meanings, and translating values will increasingly grow. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 12:25:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Russian-in-Place-of-Foreign-18590 Russian in Place of Foreign If the sanctions against Russia persist for a long time, the Russian defense industry may again seek full autarky (with the exception of cooperation with companies of Israel, China, South Korea, and some other countries), which would have a negative impact on its innovative potential in the long term. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 12:13:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Political-Cyberwar-on-the-Doorstep-18589 Political Cyberwar on the Doorstep The leaders of major cyber powers have declared an intent to restrict their actions in virtual space. This new weapon looks too lucrative indeed. Major crises will be unavoidable until the main players realize that mutual restrictions and the rules of the game are crucial. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 12:08:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Save-and-Protect-18588 Save and Protect The focus on high-tech global infrastructure and security service markets will not only strengthen Russia’s sovereignty and defense but will also develop its human resources accumulated in information, defense, energy, and infrastructure companies. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 11:58:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/A-Hunt-for-Free-Agents-18587 A Hunt for “Free Agents” A “free agent” in the present world may be any influential actor in international processes. To effectively use the “free agent” concept, it is necessary to renounce zero-sum thinking where the West’s gain is necessarily perceived as Russia’s loss, and vice versa. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 11:50:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Spies-Jurists-Diplomats-18586 Spies, Jurists, Diplomats The Russian political system is hard to understand, but not impossible to understand. The simplistic interpretation of a “Tsar ruling alone” shows its limits every time it is recalled to explain the Kremlin’s latest decision in foreign or domestic policy. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 11:06:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/2016--A-Victory-of-Conservative-Realism-18585 2016 – A Victory of Conservative Realism We will live in a highly competitive and increasingly unpredictable world. Russia should start economic growth and development in order not to fall behind the new technological revolution again. Economic weakness provokes external pressure. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 10:56:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/On-the-Threshold-of-New-Mercantilism-18584 On the Threshold of New Mercantilism Not only in totalitarian societies is the economy subordinate to ideology. Socialism, conservatism, and liberalism are certain sets of ideological, political, and economic programs. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 10:31:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/On-the-Threshold-of-New-Mercantilism-18583 On the Threshold of New Mercantilism The recession and the absence of global cooperation add instability and fear of protectionism to the global economy. The bleak landscape of the global economy is paradoxically the product of globalization that hauled the previous decades of economic growth. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 09:34:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Future-of-Democracy-18582 The Future of Democracy If elites continue to encourage the racist demagogues of the right, they will live in societies fundamentally transformed beyond their control. Where unpredictable authoritarian leaders take power, elites can lose their liberties and ultimately even their wealth. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 08:33:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Knight-of-Russian-Realism-18581 The Knight of Russian Realism The current elites lack Primakov’s ability to find a balance between national and international interests, see a better future, and choose the best way to achieve it. It is this ability that has placed Primakov among the brilliant representatives of realist thought. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 08:28:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Geoeconomics-and-the-Heritage-of-Eurasianism-18580 Geoeconomics and the Heritage of Eurasianism The economic heritage of Eurasianists includes opinions, still quite important today, on the role of the state and the private sector in the economy, models of economic development and planning during economic modernization. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 08:17:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Pragmatism-and-Honor-in-Politics-18579 Pragmatism and Honor in Politics “Impartiality,” “realism,” a stop to meaningless rhetoric, and a business-like approach to world politics are demands for an honest political language, which, in Weber’s scheme of things, is to be accepted by opponents so as not to aggravate relations or make the situation worse. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 07:43:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/From-Post-Modernism-to-Neo-Modernism-18578 From Post-Modernism to Neo-Modernism For the majority of neo-modernists the question of democracy and authoritarianism is drifting into the background, giving way to an issue they consider much more important, namely the border between order and chaos in international relations. Mon, 13 Feb 2017 07:37:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-President-of-Our-Dreams-18577 The President of Our Dreams No matter what numerous political opponents and rivals, the liberal press, Hollywood stars, European leaders, minorities, and high-brow experts think of this man with dyed hair, the phrase “President Trump” will become one of the buzz words in world affairs in the years to come (and certainly during the next four years). Mon, 13 Feb 2017 07:25:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/A-view-from-Moscow-18573 A view from Moscow The victory of Donald Trump reinforced international tendencies, which had been obvious for Russians and which had been guiding Russian behavior for last few years. Mon, 06 Feb 2017 10:13:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Russias-2016-2018-Election-Cycle-Popular-Engagement-and-Protest-Potential-18543 Russia’s 2016-2018 Election Cycle: Popular Engagement and Protest Potential In the wake of the For Fair Elections protest movement in Russia in 2011-2012, the Kremlin initiated a new strategy of state-society relations that was aimed at diminishing the propensity for protest in the next election cycle. Tue, 24 Jan 2017 13:19:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Lukashenkos-Drift-To-The-West-Why-Moscow-Should-Not-Be-Worried-18538 Lukashenko’s “Drift To The West”: Why Moscow Should Not Be Worried Belarus’ traditional structural dependence on Russia is increasing, and Minsk’s freedom of maneuver continues to shrink. Tue, 17 Jan 2017 10:25:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Restructuring-Extractive-Economies-in-the-Caspian-Basin-Too-Little-Too-Late-18531 Restructuring Extractive Economies in the Caspian Basin: Too Little, Too Late? The oil- and gas-rich states of the Caspian Sea basin—Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan—registered phenomenal growth throughout most of the 2000s. However, the heady days of resource-fueled development now appear to be over, and local governments are suddenly struggling to overcome massive budget deficits, devalued currencies, and overall economic stagnation. Mon, 09 Jan 2017 12:48:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Is-Russia-Coming-to-Terms-with-Chinas-Silk-Road-18526 Is Russia Coming to Terms with China’s “Silk Road”? China’s Silk Road Economic Belt initiative has been developing at a fast pace since its launch a few years ago. Fri, 30 Dec 2016 11:40:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Ukraines-New-Government-Possibility-of-Progress-or-Another-Pre-Term-Election-in-Sight-18516 Ukraine’s New Government: Possibility of Progress or Another Pre-Term Election in Sight? Two and a half years after the Euromaidan revolution, Ukraine represents a mixed story of improvements and setbacks. Tue, 20 Dec 2016 14:19:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Putin-Is-Giving-America-a-Taste-of-its-Own-Medicine-18511 Putin Is Giving America a Taste of its Own Medicine Aiming to spread democracy, the U.S. has meddled in foreign countries’ politics for decades. Russia just returned the favor. Mon, 19 Dec 2016 10:19:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Counter-Radicalization-Policies-in-Central-Asia-The-Good-the-Bad-and-the-Ugly-18507 Counter-Radicalization Policies in Central Asia: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly In 2011, four Central Asian states signed a Joint Plan of Action in Ashgabat pledging to work together to counter radicalization and terrorism in the region. Tue, 13 Dec 2016 18:42:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Why-its-time-for-Russia-to-offer-more-than-just-a-vision-for-the-world-18502 Why it’s time for Russia to offer more than just a vision for the world It might be too early to sum up the international events of the outgoing year just yet, but everything that was meant to happen already has, and the principal consequences are evident. Thu, 08 Dec 2016 12:58:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Diplomacy-vs-hypocrisy-in-the-post-Cold-War-era-18501 Diplomacy vs. 'hypocrisy' in the post Cold War era At a roundtable event in Moscow, top experts debated the “hypocritical” and “insincere” foreign policies of both Russia and the West in the post-Cold War era. Thu, 08 Dec 2016 12:39:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Correction-of-Errors-How-the-Kremlin-Re-Equilibrated-Authoritarian-Elections-in-2016-18499 Correction of Errors: How the Kremlin Re-Equilibrated Authoritarian Elections in 2016 After Russia’s wave of protest during the 2011-2012 election cycle, the country’s authorities embarked on an effort to prevent anti-regime mass mobilization during subsequent election periods. Tue, 06 Dec 2016 11:49:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Russias-Use-of-Military-Force-as-a-Foreign-Policy-ToolIS-THERE-A-LOGIC-18475 Russia’s Use of Military Force as a Foreign Policy Tool IS THERE A LOGIC? Russia has used its military beyond its borders with unprecedented frequency in the period since the invasion of Crimea in February 2014. Wed, 23 Nov 2016 11:58:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/Global-Challenges-and-Russias-Foreign-Policy-18468 Global Challenges and Russia’s Foreign Policy The article discusses the results of Russian foreign policy since the collapse of the Soviet Union against the background of major new global and regional international trends and the policy of other major world powers. Sun, 20 Nov 2016 16:46:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Like-Obama-Trump-Is-Unlikely-to-Lead-as-the-Worlds-Policeman-18466 Like Obama, Trump Is Unlikely to Lead as the World’s Policeman Obama started dismantling America’s global obligations. Trump is likely to take that a step further. Fri, 18 Nov 2016 06:36:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/What-If-the-Soviet-Union-Had-Not-Collapsed-18454 What If… the Soviet Union Had Not Collapsed? The 13th annual meeting of the Valdai Discussion Club includes a special session on the theme “What if… the Soviet Union had not collapsed?” Wed, 09 Nov 2016 13:01:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/The-Kremlins-Arctic-Plans-More-Gutted-than-Grand-18449 The Kremlin’s Arctic Plans: More Gutted than Grand Over the past decade, Russia has launched a diplomatic and symbolic offensive in the Arctic, supported by increased military activity, grandiose economic plans, and showy assertions of sovereignty. Thu, 03 Nov 2016 15:04:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Prospects-for-the-Transatlantic-Trade-and-Investment-Partnership-Vis--Vis-Russias-Interests-18447 Prospects for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Vis ? Vis Russia’s Interests The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership is by far the most ambitious project in the field of contractual formats of regional economic cooperation, combining traditional measures to liberalize mutual trade with regulatory rules of economic activity on the territories of member states. If successful, this project will influence on the development of both the world economy and its regulatory mechanisms. Thu, 03 Nov 2016 14:21:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Nuclear-Weapons-in-the-Cyber-Age-New-Challenges-for-Security-Strategy-and-Stability-18445 Nuclear Weapons in the Cyber Age: New Challenges for Security, Strategy and Stability The safe, secure and reliable management of nuclear weapons has always been a complex and complicated business, plagued by uncertainty and risks. Thu, 03 Nov 2016 13:29:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/From-East-to-West-or-Greater-Eurasia-18440 From East to West, or Greater Eurasia Distinguished officials attending the Eastern Economic Forum recently held in Vladivostok argued at one of its sessions about who was actually the author of the idea of Russia’s pivot to the East. Tue, 25 Oct 2016 16:16:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/In-reading-Putin-dont-mistake-nostalgia-for-ambition-18437 In reading Putin, don’t mistake nostalgia for ambition Vladimir Putin has mentioned several times that the collapse of the Soviet Union was a geopolitical mistake. Although these words were often interpreted as his desire to constitute that country, there is little reason to believe this. Tue, 25 Oct 2016 08:34:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Are-China-and-Russia-Partnering-to-Create-an-Axis-18434 Are China and Russia Partnering to Create an Axis? After experiencing many ups and downs in their relationship, China and Russia have forged a strategic partnership since the advent of the 21st century. While Russia's relations with the United States and the European Union have hit a rough patch, its ties with China are on an upward trend. Thu, 20 Oct 2016 11:42:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Russia-Understanders-in-Europe-Discourses-Communication-Consequenc-18430 Russia “Understanders” in Europe: Discourses, Communication, Consequenc The Ukraine conflict reinforced the desire of Kremlin policymakers to establish connections with a range of anti-status-quo groups in Europe. Tue, 18 Oct 2016 16:33:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Power-Sharing-in-Europe-Models-for-the-Ukraine-18423 Power-Sharing in Europe: Models for the Ukraine? Some form of power-sharing arrangement could pave the way to reconciling the conflict in the Ukraine and in relations between the EU and Russia is a valid one. Wed, 12 Oct 2016 15:21:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/The-Return-of-Stalin--Understanding-the-Surge-of-Historical-Politics-in-Russia-18420 The “Return of Stalin”: Understanding the Surge of Historical Politics in Russia Two principal and emotional points of history have again been placed on the national stage: the Great Patriotic War (a unifying memory) and the era of Joseph Stalin (a point of contention). Tue, 11 Oct 2016 12:40:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Post-Western-World-and-the-Rise-of-a-Parallel-Order-18412 Post-Western World and the Rise of a Parallel Order In the coming weeks, observers from Moscow to Bras?lia will look towards the United States, where voters face a stark choice between two radically different presidential candidates. Thu, 06 Oct 2016 10:20:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Russias-Sovereign-Globalization-Insulation-Influence-and-Decline-18409 Russia’s “Sovereign Globalization”: Insulation, Influence, and Decline Economic problems are once again at the center of debates about Russia’s future. For the first time under the Putin presidency, the country faces a protracted decline in living standards. Tue, 04 Oct 2016 12:29:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/More-Europe-18407 More Europe! No one would be served by cutting short the unique European experiment. It should develop and be an example for other regions to emulate. Tue, 04 Oct 2016 11:43:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/Everyday-Patriotism-and-Putins-Foreign-Policy-18403 Everyday Patriotism and Putin’s Foreign Policy Discussions of popular support for the Kremlin’s foreign policy often invoke common international relations concepts, like the “rally around the flag” effect... Thu, 29 Sep 2016 16:37:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Unity-and-Struggle-18388 Unity and Struggle The scope of China’s containment is broadening, while the scope of U.S.-China cooperation is gradually narrowing. Of course, it is easy not to see this if one cites high volumes of U.S.-Chinese trade or the great enthusiasm for American popular culture among the Chinese. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 20:15:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Missiles-in-Europe-Back-to-the-Future-18387 Missiles in Europe: Back to the Future? New disarmament talks are hardly necessary. With the West continuing to dominate the information space, such talks would only be used for inciting greater mistrust and militarizing mentality in Europe. But there is the need for military-to-military dialogue. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 19:18:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Illusion-as-a-Necessity-18386 Illusion as a Necessity Like any ideology, patriotism comes along with an illusion of being part of “a big common cause.” However, illusion here is not deception, but an objective necessity, something that has to be hidden for society to continue to exist and at the same time adequately conceived at a conscious level. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 15:57:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Inevitable-Weird-World-18385 The Inevitable, Weird World The claim about an irreversible crisis of the liberal world order is a very convenient position for those who would like to simplify not only the overall picture, but also the challenges to the Russian foreign policy. Russia should learn to see not only problems in globalization, but also new opportunities for itself. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 15:44:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Make-Something-Great-Again-18384 Make Something Great Again The future and the past can meet sometimes—when the present is at an impasse, like it is today. For a quarter of a century now, we have been tirelessly building a new world order, but suddenly time seems to have rolled back, reviving the talk of a new Cold War, an ideological conflict, arms control, and nuclear confrontation. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 15:28:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/To-Keep-Your-Balance-Keep-Moving-18394 To Keep Your Balance, Keep Moving Neither crises nor criticism mean that the EU will fall apart. It will maintain its stability even though it will be engaged not even in major repairs but in patching up and papering over the cracks. Brussels will focus on consolidating what has been achieved, which will require pinpoint harmonization in particular spheres. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 15:27:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Good-Bye-Familiar-America-18393 Good-Bye Familiar America? U.S. foreign policy is entering an era of change—the most significant since the Truman administration. The cause of such changes lies in the discrepancy between the U.S. foreign policy consensus reached at that time and forged in the 1990s, and the current (and, most likely, future) global trends. The departure from the current consensus is inevitable. It is just a matter of time. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 14:59:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Law-and-National-Interest-18392 Law and National Interest Russia should reasonably assess the need for itself to participate in old, mostly European, formats of integration, and to think of new formats that would be more consistent with modern requirements. The principles of Russia’s interaction should be revised in favor of greater pragmatism and protection of national interest. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 14:45:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Before-the-Change-at-the-Helm-of-the-UN-18391 Before the Change at the Helm of the UN For the UN to continue to be truly indispensable, international officials and national governments, members of the academic elite and civil society leaders will have to reach consensus on the way ahead, avoiding over-ambitious plans, but also half-measures portrayed as full-fledged reforms. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 14:30:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Oil-Back-in-Vogue-18400 Oil Back in Vogue The global energy market continues to be driven by the political economy of oil production and trade. Energy markets have come full circle returning to their fundamentals: oil is there to stay and play an important role in the era of slow melting of the oil surplus. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 09:47:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Old-Goals-New-Tasks-18399 Old Goals, New Tasks In view of the accelerated development of new technologies and potentially low energy prices, the struggle for energy markets will intensify. No matter in what areas energy cooperation may develop in the future, its main task will be attracting investment, technologies and human capital into the Russian fuel/energy sector. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 09:33:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/How-Far-Can-the-Islamic-Threat-Reach-18398 How Far Can the Islamic Threat Reach? Despite its geographical remoteness from conflicts involving radical Islamists, the Russian Far East is not completely isolated from them. Preventing the growth of extremist threats in the Russian Far East and the Asia-Pacific region as a whole requires joint efforts of all states concerned. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 08:58:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/If-Stakes-Have-Failed-18397 If Stakes Have Failed Central Asian countries will have to adjust their old stakes, which have failed, and make new ones. They will largely depend on the positions external partners will take. But countries in the region want economic cooperation without a geopolitical “burden.” Sun, 25 Sep 2016 08:45:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Interconnecting-Strategies-18396 Interconnecting Strategies It seems Washington wants to provoke China into muscle-flexing. If Beijing shows restraint and cold calculation in response, this may have a restrictive, if not sobering, effect on Washington. Russia is interested in preventing the South China Sea from becoming a proving ground for testing the strength of one’s nerves. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 08:31:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Great-Win-Win-Game-18395 The Great Win-Win Game A hypothetical alliance between Russia and China is based on the assumption that it should serve as a counterweight to the U.S. hegemony. That thinking, however, overlooks the possibility that Moscow and Beijing might build closer relations for dealing with the important challenges they both face. Sun, 25 Sep 2016 08:14:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/PONARS-Eurasia/The-Tale-of-Three-Legitimacies-The-Shifting-Tone-and-Enduring-Substance-of-Moscows-Ukraine-Policy-18 The Tale of Three Legitimacies: The Shifting Tone and Enduring Substance of Moscow’s Ukraine Policy The ongoing military conflict between Russia and Ukraine is a stark reminder that shifts in political tone and military tactics do not necessarily correlate with each other or represent substantive shifts in a state’s foreign policy goals. Tue, 20 Sep 2016 12:36:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Big-20-to-Big-Game-Power-Politics-Are-Returning-Which-Suits-Russia-18355 Big 20 to Big Game: Power Politics Are Returning, Which Suits Russia The G20 meeting in China was a milestone in international relations. Until only recently, world leaders were certain that the global economy and increased connectivity had helped stabilize and define the new world order. Now, however, the pendulum has turned back towards a classic game between the great powers, and Russia is again feeling right in its element. Fri, 09 Sep 2016 10:44:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Europe-Seen-From-the-Outside---the-British-View-18354 Europe Seen From the Outside - the British View A political counter-revolution against the European Union is underway. Brexit is likely to be seen in hindsight as just the first of many tremors leading up to a larger political earthquake that will be felt all over the European continent. Fri, 09 Sep 2016 10:25:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Labour-Migration-from-Central-Asia-to-Russia-in-the-Context-of-the-Economic-Crisis-18334 Labour Migration from Central Asia to Russia in the Context of the Economic Crisis The migration corridor that has formed between the countries of Central Asia and Russia is one of the largest and most stable in Eurasia and the world. Wed, 31 Aug 2016 12:56:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/The-EUs-Crises-and-its-Future-18321 The EU's Crises and its Future At present, five problem areas can be singled out in the EU. These are crises of: internal political leadership and solidarity; the stability of a single currency and economic growth; normative leadership; immigration and the terrorist threat; and finally, legitimacy. Sun, 21 Aug 2016 12:23:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Global-Energy-and-the-Political-Dynamics-in-the-Middle-East-18319 Global Energy and the Political Dynamics in the Middle East This article reviews key dynamics in the Middle Eastern oil and gas to explain how they shape the global energy picture. The author makes sense of the Saudi-Iran relations and the role OPEC is set to play in the emerging energy landscape. Finally, political developments in the broader region, including Turkey, are discussed. Sun, 21 Aug 2016 07:45:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/A-New-Page-in-Russian-Turkish-Relations-18312 A New Page in Russian-Turkish Relations? The talks between Erdogan and Putin herald a new era in Russian-Turkish relations, as Turks now see Russia as a true friend and admire Russia’s motion to support the Turkish President in the midst of a coup, Valdai Club expert Huseyin Bagci believes. Thu, 11 Aug 2016 12:30:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/How-the-World-Looks-From-the-Russian-Perspective-18303 How the World Looks From the Russian Perspective In the future, a duumvirate may emerge in Central Asia, in which China will provide investment and resources, and Russia will contribute security and geopolitical stability. Mon, 01 Aug 2016 12:46:00 +0300 http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Winter-and-Spring-Together-Geocultural-Signs-of-Renewal-Throughout-Europe-18300 Winter and Spring Together, Geocultural Signs of Renewal Throughout Europe Despite its deep crisis of identity, spawned by nihilistic elites who are both unable to give a sense to existence and to act in favour of the common good, France is marked by a discreet renewal. Thu, 28 Jul 2016 11:04:00 +0300