№ 2 April/June 2004
  • Straight Forward into the Past

    The program for the so called “civilized revenge” actually appears to be a new version of authoritarian state policy. Can a state living without rules and organized by the will of one person be economically efficient? The answer is definitely no. The current state system is, in fact, a system of self-preservation and of status quo, but not of development. It can only guarantee to run around in a circle which must produce the illusion of movement.

  • What is ‘Putinism’?

    Russia has everything that is required for developing a normal consolidated democracy: private ownership, a pluralistic political system and an enlightened leadership which understands all the difficulties and obstacles that a course toward totalitarianism or authoritarianism can entail. It also has the support of the consolidated West to steadily encourage it through the democratic process.

  • Russia en Route to State Capitalism?

    There is no clear distinction between a policy aimed at strengthening state control and property expansion (which corresponds to the classical idea of ‘state capitalism’), and the creation of ‘crony capitalism’ based on tightly intertwining interests of the state authorities and certain business entities.

  • The Mafia, the Law and Radicalism

    “You are all future jailbirds” was a slogan addressed to the business magnates whom the Russians refer to as the oligarchs; it became a leitmotif of the December 2003 Russian parliamentary elections. The root cause of this new type of social radicalism lies, first and foremost, in the feeling of being deceived.

  • Business to Replace Geopolitical Ambitions

    Russia has a natural potential for fundamentally modifying its foreign trade structure since it is the only genuinely Eurasian nation. Russia’s geographic location as a transit nation is unique. But any speculation on Russia’s geopolitical intentions will harm its prospects for creating a Eurasian transit corridor.

  • Is the Europeanization of Russia Over?

    Russia and the European Union have recently experienced a cooling-off in their relations. The partnership model, which the parties adopted ten years ago to achieve their gradual integration, is now obviously in conflict with reality. The reality is that Russia and the EU represent different political and economic systems that are not integrable in principle.

  • Russia and EU: Proficiency Essential

    The relations between Russia and the EU are at a stage which requires highly proficient specialists with cutting-edge knowledge in those fields which pertain to European integration. Based on the standard regulatory framework and the practice of lobbying interests in various EU structures, Russia should work out a system of effective representation of its businesses in Brussels.

  • The Birth of New Europe


    Lithuania is joining the European Union with its own unique heritage: a rich and diverse legacy of neighborly relations with Russia. We have learned from our own experience that by showing respect for each other’s interests and positions, both Lithuania and Russia are capable of finding mutually acceptable solutions.

  • An Invaluable Relationship

    There is barely a government in the world that has not thought about how it should build its relations with Beijing in the new century. As a rule, the choice is in favor of broad cooperation in all areas. We will see that a strategic partnership between Russia and China, and one that is based on trust, will be an enduring value in the 21st century.

  • China Today: Challenge or Opportunity?

    Almost two decades of Chinese reforms have brought about essential changes in its society and, at the same time, produced unprecedented problems, the kind of which the Chinese leadership had never faced before. On the heels of great success have followed new difficulties and disproportions. In other words, the ‘new China’ is a challenge not so much for its neighbors or external partners as for its own government. Such was the conclusion of the situation analysis chaired by Sergei Karaganov.

  • Horizontal Proliferation: New Challenges

    The world is entering a fundamentally new stage in the proliferation of nuclear weapons – the most destructive and dangerous of WMD. But as distinct from the Cold War years, public opinion in the U.S., Western Europe and Russia has overcome its fear of nuclear weapons and no longer worries about nuclear disarmament prospects.

  • Russia-U.S. Interaction in WMD Non-Proliferation

    The Bush administration seemingly doubts the efficiency of the non-proliferation regime. This may explain why the U.S. administration has opted to resort to the pre-emptive use of force. At the same time, Moscow has developed new approaches toward counterproliferation. These factors are indicative of Moscow’s and Washington’s drift away from control and observance of the non-proliferation regime toward practical measures to prevent WMD from falling into the wrong hands.

  • Ukraine’s Nuclear Ambitions: Reminiscences of the Past

    In the eyes of many, the possession of the nuclear bomb is a symbol of special military-political might and of belonging to a select group. The experience of the difficult negotiations with Ukraine, in the course of which Kiev was persuaded – in the long last – to give up the nuclear arsenal it had inherited from the U.S.S.R., can be of use to those who now have to address similar problems with other countries.

  • Economy with Room for Growth

    In the coming years, economic growth in Russia will largely be promoted by ‘new’ companies formed in market conditions and targeted at exacting consumers. The state, for its part, should create the prerequisites and support such companies.

  • Union of the Sword and
    the Plowshare

    The Russians are anxious for a renaissance of their country, which would entail the restoration of its role, power, and national dignity. The source of these sentiments is the same: they derive from a demand for revenge.

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Publisher's column

A new world order: A view from Russia

Since around 2017–2018, the world has been living through a period of progressive erosion, or collapse, of international orders inherited from the past. With the election of Donald Trump and the rapid increase of US containment of Russia and China—which is both a consequence of this gradual erosion and also represents deep internal and international contradictions—this process entered its apogee.

Editor's column

Roaring Twenties again: 'Global impeachment' and the end of the era of liberal globalization

Now that another decade has flown by and the world awaits the arrival of 2020, it is only appropriate to look back at last century's 'Roaring Twenties'. Those twenties started globalization; these could see the end of its era.

How Cozy Is Russia and China’s Military Relationship?

Russia and China’s strategic military cooperation is becoming ever closer. President Putin has announced that Russia is helping China build an early warning system to spot intercontinental ballistic missile launches.

A “Synchronized Downturn” Calls for a “Synchronized Response”

This year’s Annual meetings of the IMF and the World Bank in Washington DC revealed a growing preoccupation with the mounting signs of a slowdown in the world economy.

How to Stop NATO

Catherine the Great is credited with saying that the only way to secure the borders of the Russian Empire is to expand them continuously. This logic is to some degree applicable to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which embarked on a path of geographical enlargement quite literally from the very first days of its existence.

The Asian Mirror for the Far East: an Indian Perspective

India and Russia have long shared geopolitical perspectives on the balance of power in Eurasia. In the post-Cold War era both turned their attention to the West. However, over the past decade India has pursued the Look East Policy, seeking to regain its political and economic influence in Southeast Asia and building new strategic partnerships with East Asian powers like Japan and South Korea. Russia’s Turn to the East and India’s move from the Look East to the Act East Policy have created a new framework for closer India–Russia geo-economic and geopolitical relations.

Russian Far East Development from the Korean Perspective

This chapter focuses on analysing Korea’s position on development of this region. To this end, the paper deals with the significance and strategic value of the Russian Far East, the current status, and determinants of the Russian Far East policy, as well as the direction and tasks of Korea’s Russian Far East policy.