№ 2 April/June 2006
  • Unlearned Lessons of the Past

    The arrival of spring was marked by several anniversaries in Russia and the world.

  • Modernization and Counter-Modernization in Russia

    The Soviet political shell has been crushed, but Russia is still wandering around amidst the scattered fragments of that shell, which remain hopeful that they will be put together again some day. They are hoping for a counter-modernization union, albeit with a non-Communist configuration.

  • A Historic Chance Missed

    Unification of the bureaucracy, especially into one body, liquidates one of the fundamental principles of democracy and post-industrialism – the division of powers. A division of bureaucracy into rival groups opens up great opportunities for reforms.

  • Back into the Future, Or Cold War Lessons for Russia

    It is now time to recognize that the reform of the early 1990s was wrong. Such a complex and unique system as the Soviet militarized economy cannot be restructured by pseudo-market methods. First of all, it should be demilitarized on the administrative level, mobilizing the entire power of the state, and only then can a market economy begin to be built.

  • Fulton Revisited

    Churchill provided the basic signposts of an emerging new era that served as a guideline for the architects of the Cold War in the United States and the U.K.: a bipolar division of the world, the central role of the Anglo-American axis in the Western system, ideological confrontation with the Soviet Union, and the pursuit of military supremacy based on nuclear power. This new strategy appeared in sharp contrast with the guidelines that had prevailed in Washington just a year before.

  • A Silent Cold War

    As is the case with the U.S., the Soviet Union or any other country, post-Soviet Russia seeks to create a safe environment around itself, but the highly contradictory nature of Russia’s social arrangements predetermines contradictory requirements to maintain security. If we describe the social system in this country as “managed democracy,” then the dual components of this description dictate a different policy.

  • A Dictatorship of Incompetence

    If the West would give up its attitude toward Russia, which is based on the “presumption of guilt” principle, this would enable the former to concentrate on truly pressing, relevant problems, such as the blackmail being waged by politically unstable transit states, as well as Europe’s growing dependency on political opportunists.

  • Russia-EU Quandary 2007

    The Partnership and Cooperation Agreement can be modernized with amendments modifying its substance and even its name, while still preserving its legal continuity. The goal of a revamped PCA can and should be the formation of an association between Russia and the EU.

  • Russia, China and India in the World Economy

    The benefits of more active trilateral cooperation outweigh the possible handicaps. Reinvigorated cooperation will furnish each country with levers for beefing up their individual and collective positions within the global economic system.

  • Change in the Air in Ukraine

    In the next few years, Russian-Ukrainian relations will not be easy; the relationship will include turbulent moments of partnership, competition and even conflict. Such relations, however, are not at odds either with Ukraine’s present status as a new “transit” state or with its membership in Euro-Atlantic structures – when and if that moment comes.

  • Ukraine – Growth and Gas

    The intricate overlapping of economic ties, corporate relations and political problems has made the issue of Gazprom’s relations with gas consumers in the CIS countries very difficult, and here we have an interesting case where the Russian side is objectively interested in depoliticizing economic relations.

  • Russia’s Economic Policy – Setting Priorities

    The full-scale revolution that Russia experienced while implementing the systemic post-Communist transformation is over, and the basic state institutions have been restored. At the same time, the elites have not consolidated much, and a stable national consensus on basic values has not been reached.

  • Improving Corporate Governance in Russia and the EU

    The main priority for Russian lawmakers is to establish a clear legal framework for resolving corporate conflicts, create civilized mechanisms for mergers and reorganizations, define affiliation criteria, and regulate the use of insider information. These moves would signal a clean-up stage for creating a favorable environment, which is critical to a full-fledged corporate governance system in Russia.

  • Toward a Strategic Alliance

    By agreeing to extend/renew the PCA, or replace it with another document taken from the foreign-policy nomenclature of the European Commission that reflects its terminology, Russia would be voluntary admitting to its status as a “younger partner,” thus becoming an object for inspection and instruction.

  • Dangerous Relapses

    Russia has reached a limit in conservative evolution. If we cross
    this line, we will give the “knights and pages” of the Cold War in the West
    an excuse for worsening relations with Russia. These people feel lost; they simply cannot live without an enemy, nor are they able to acknowledge past mistakes.

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Publisher's column

A new world order: A view from Russia

Since around 2017–2018, the world has been living through a period of progressive erosion, or collapse, of international orders inherited from the past. With the election of Donald Trump and the rapid increase of US containment of Russia and China—which is both a consequence of this gradual erosion and also represents deep internal and international contradictions—this process entered its apogee.

Editor's column

Will US pullout from Syria increase risk of conflict with Russia?

The announcement of the US pullout from Syria was received with caution in Moscow. Besides the security and political challenges it may bring about, the Trump decision could mean the end of a practical, relatively constructive US-Russian approach to conflict at flashpoints.

The World Needs Europe

Having emerged from centuries of bloodshed to become the poster child for integration and collaboration, Europe has a distinct service to offer the rest of the world. With the international order coming apart and populist nationalism on the rise, now is the time for the European Union to show leadership, both at home and abroad.

Political Multipolarity vs. Economic Unipolarity: 2018 Results and 2019 Intrigues

Summing up the results of 2018, one is tempted to lay emphasis on a number of major events and trends. However, that carries the risk of neglecting systemic issues that generate the diversity of individual phenomena. The understanding of these issues provides us with an analytical ability that helps us attribute numerous events to a more or less understandable model.

Entering 2019: Challenges and Opportunities

We should fully reject the concept of Western, or liberal, universalism in favor of developmental pluralism.

China’s Geoeconomics and the ‘New Cold War’

Chinese geoeconomics is making a great leap forward to adjust to rapid technological developments and a changing international distribution of power. The world is entering a new industrial revolution that further decouples the relationship between capital and labour, which incentivises Beijing to abandon its reliance on low-wage competitiveness and instead take the lead in developing high-tech strategic industries with its digital Silk Road.

Why We Must Prohibit Cyberattacks on Nuclear Systems: the Case for Pre-Emptive US–Russia Arms Control

Almost 35 years ago, US President Ronald Reagan settled down in the White House to watch the latest Hollywood blockbuster WarGames as part of his regular Sunday film night. The film, starring a young Matthew Broderick, depicted a teenage computer hacker accidentally breaking into top-secret Pentagon supercomputers that controlled US nuclear weapons.