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Fyodor Lukyanov

Fyodor Lukyanov is Editor-in-Chief of Russia in Global Affairs, Chairman of the Presidium of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, and Research Director of the Valdai International Discussion Club. Research Professor, Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow.

  • 23 january 2008

    The Transition From Bipolar to Multipolar

    The U.S. presidential election campaign has attracted the world's attention, but it has been a long time since we have seen one so straightforward. The careers of individual politicians and the prestige of their parties are riding in the balance now.

  • 19 december 2007

    With Its Foot in the Door, Russia Needs to Act

    The entire issue of who will succeed President Vladimir Putin is a fascinating story, and its possible plot twists will no doubt provide even more entertainment for the remaining months leading up to March. Unfortunately, the political drama has become more important than the serious issues facing the country, which should be a central part of the presidential campaign.

  • 28 november 2007

    Russia’s PATH in the Middle East

    The Middle East is likely to remain in the spotlight for the next few decades. Does Russia have a clear-cut policy in the region? What are its goals, given that it has become much more active in the area lately? Moscow's somewhat erratic policy in the Middle East is determined by several factors.

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  • 21 november 2007

    Thanks, But We Don't Need Your Monitors

    The conflict between Moscow and the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, which is the election watchdog for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe's election watchdog, over international observers has made Russia's State Duma election campaign the center of attention in many parts of the world.

  • 18 november 2007

    Hans Blix: "Generals Don’t Understand Psychology At All"

    If Russia really wants to move toward Greater Europe, this cannot be achieved without ensuring a certain level of rights and freedoms of the individual. It is time to depart from traditions of a state dominated by the KGB or the FSB – depart gradually, step by step. There should be no illusion that this can be done quickly and easily, but this line should be maintained.

  • 17 november 2007

    Elections and Changes

    Russia has officially entered the hectic election period, and despite the political stability that has been reached in the country, the political campaign season has not become a routine matter. Thus, President Vladimir Putin is demonstrating a creative approach to the challenge and refuses to let the political elite relax.

  • 7 november 2007

    Bridging Troubled Waters

    The 21st century is likely to be characterized by intensifying competition and confrontation among the great powers, and energy security is increasingly determining their prospects for development, as well as bolstering national pride. The wider Black Sea region is emerging as one of the key areas in this new arena of conflict. Bordering on the Caspian Sea, it is an important current and future source of oil and gas. The region is also a significant transit corridor, with the potential to connect resource-rich Central Asia to the world energy market...

  • 18 october 2007

    The World According to Uncle Sam

    When former U.S. President Jimmy Carter visited Stockholm in the early 1980s, he expressed his disappointment to Stig Ramel, then-executive director of the Nobel Foundation, "If you had awarded me this prize in 1978, I would still be in the White House." Ramel made a helpless gesture and replied, "At the time when the Camp David accords were signed between Israel and Egypt, the list of nominees had already been finalized, and we could not break the rules." Had Carter won the 1980 U.S. presidential election rather than Ronald Reagan, history might have turned out differently.

  • 25 september 2007

    Drawing New Red Lines

    The resignation of Mikhail Fradkov's government was the formal beginning of the change of power in Russia. This process will be completed by summer 2008. By that time, Russia will have a new parliament, a new president and a new Cabinet, and it will become clear what role Vladimir Putin will choose for himself.

  • 11 september 2007

    Ideological Irresponsibility Across the Atlantic

    George Kennan, the U.S. diplomat and historian who popularized the Western strategy of containment, is broadly considered the ideological father of the Cold War.

  • 31 august 2007

    On the Verge of a New Crisis

    With the end of the summer recess, a new political season begins on Saturday. It will probably be the last season for President Vladimir Putin, and it promises to be stormy. A curious pattern emerges when examining Russia's politics over the last quarter century. Fundamental changes come in eight-year cycles, and the transitions from the end of one cycle to the start of the next are accompanied by flare-ups in foreign relations.

  • 8 august 2007

    A Time for Life Jackets?

    Last year, U.S. political analyst Leon Aron offered a forecast in our journal about the future development of Russia-U.S. relations. He said that people in both countries should put on their “life jackets” and be prepared for “some heavy rolling, pitching, rocking and seasickness.”

  • 4 july 2007

    Starting Anew on the World Order

    In the Russian-U.S. dialogue, metaphors often communicate more than long, drawn-out discussions. At their news conference Monday in Kennebunkport, Maine, Presidents Vladimir Putin and George W. Bush spoke at length about the openness and trust that characterized their relationship.

  • 7 june 2007

    Viewpoint: Russia's missile fears

    America keeps saying its anti-missile system will not target Russia and to suggest otherwise would be absurd because Russia can overcome it. Well, Russia could overcome it today but what about in 15 years' time, when it is not just two facilities but a global system?

  • 6 june 2007

    G8 Membership as an Exercise in Legitimacy

    Russia's presence in the G8 caused disagreements right from the start. There are no criteria for membership, but the club has traditionally been an informal alliance of nations with leading economies and democracies. For the first few years, Russia clearly did not meet the economic requirements. But once its economy gained strength, doubts appeared as to Moscow's fulfillment of the necessary political prerequisites...

  • 16 may 2007

    EU and Russia Need to Try a Fresh Approach

    When in recent years journalists and political observers characterized relations between Russia and the European Union as being in crisis, Moscow and Brussels angrily objected. As evidence they offered the results of biannual summits. Each summit did, in fact, produce some document signifying, or at least potentially signifying, a step forward.

  • 13 may 2007

    Multipolarity to Oppose the Cold War

    The last few months have been marked by heated debates as to whether a multipolar world is now a reality and whether a new Cold War is imminent.

  • 28 april 2007

    New Thinking Needed

    In recent years, speculation has swirled ahead of President Vladimir Putin's annual state-of-the-nation addresses that the main thrust of the speech would be about foreign affairs. Each year there appeared to be special circumstances that called for the president to lay out his vision of the situation in the world...

  • 11 april 2007

    Increasing Supply on the World Values Market

    The Russian diplomatic corps recently published a review of the country's foreign policy. This curious document represents a code of political directives to provide guidance for those working on the international stage in Russia. A tour through this document provides interesting insights into both the country's current political course and the attitudes of the foreign policy establishment.

  • 6 april 2007

    Moscow No Match for Kiev

    For Russians the current political imbroglio in Kiev was similar to struggle for power that took place in Moscow in September and October 1993. On the outside, the two episodes look almost identical. In both cases, the heads of state lost patience with endless opposition from the parliament and opted to call for new elections. Parliament refused to recognize the decision...

  • 7 march 2007

    Russian Threat Reborn as a Matter of Necessity

    Washington's decision to place elements of an anti-ballistic missile battery in Poland and the Czech Republic has become a catalyst to a complex process in Europe. This affects not only the relationship with Russia, but also the "Old World's" strategic future as well...

  • 10 february 2007

    On the Eve of Change

    Russia is entering a momentous election season. In December, Russian voters will elect a new parliament, while in March 2008 they will vote for a new president.

  • 7 february 2007

    Where to Focus If You Are Expecting Change

    Interest in next year's presidential election is gradually eclipsing all other current events in Russia. The main pursuit of analysts and commentators has become peering across this political Rubicon into the dense fog that enshrouds the opposite bank...

  • 28 december 2006

    Time for a New Foreign Policy Look

    It is difficult to recall a single year over the past decade-and-a-half in which Russian foreign policy has generated results as contradictory as in 2006. It's almost as if there were two different Russias acting on the international stage, the first as perceived from the Russian side and the second as seen by the West...

  • 18 december 2006

    Russia Is Not Prepared to Restore the Empire

    When the Baltic countries entered NATO and the European Union a couple of years ago, many thought it was the end of the centuries-old "red line." Euro-Atlantic organizations had crossed into the former Russian and Soviet empires...

  • 29 november 2006

    Russia Is Not Prepared to Restore the Empire

    When the Baltic countries entered NATO and the European Union a couple of years ago, many thought it was the end of the centuries-old "red line." Euro-Atlantic organizations had crossed into the former Russian and Soviet empires.

  • 1 november 2006

    The Deficit of Values Behind a Crisis in Goals

    It is 17 years since the fall of the Berlin wall and 15 years since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Current events in the former "socialist world" show that the scale of difficulties involved in the transition was seriously underestimated...

  • 12 october 2006

    From Nationalism to Nation

    On the eve of the 15th anniversary of the breakup of the Soviet Union, it has become particularly obvious that Russia has not only failed to overcome the consequences of that dramatic event, but has even failed to rethink them.

  • 4 october 2006

    Saakashvili Is Playing a High-Stakes Game

    There are two features of the current crisis between Moscow and Tbilisi that differentiate it from the many difficulties between the two in the past.

  • 12 september 2006

    Old Habits Die Hard

    Everyone agrees that Sept. 11, 2001, changed the world. Much has been said and written about the impact the terrorist attacks had on the United States, how Europe responded and the Middle East was transformed, and about the effect the attacks had on the institutions of international relations in general.

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Publisher's column

Where to Go and with Whom to Go: Russia’s Foreign Policy on the Threshold of a New Decade

Russia is entering a new decade with significant (and I am even tempted to say brilliant) foreign and defense policy achievements, and with a substantial margin of strength. But the challenges and problems lying ahead are fraught with deceleration or even rollback.

Editor's column

Roaring Twenties again: 'Global impeachment' and the end of the era of liberal globalization

Now that another decade has flown by and the world awaits the arrival of 2020, it is only appropriate to look back at last century's 'Roaring Twenties'. Those twenties started globalization; these could see the end of its era.


How Cozy Is Russia and China’s Military Relationship?

Russia and China’s strategic military cooperation is becoming ever closer. President Putin has announced that Russia is helping China build an early warning system to spot intercontinental ballistic missile launches.

A “Synchronized Downturn” Calls for a “Synchronized Response”

This year’s Annual meetings of the IMF and the World Bank in Washington DC revealed a growing preoccupation with the mounting signs of a slowdown in the world economy.

How to Stop NATO

Catherine the Great is credited with saying that the only way to secure the borders of the Russian Empire is to expand them continuously. This logic is to some degree applicable to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which embarked on a path of geographical enlargement quite literally from the very first days of its existence.

The Asian Mirror for the Far East: an Indian Perspective

India and Russia have long shared geopolitical perspectives on the balance of power in Eurasia. In the post-Cold War era both turned their attention to the West. However, over the past decade India has pursued the Look East Policy, seeking to regain its political and economic influence in Southeast Asia and building new strategic partnerships with East Asian powers like Japan and South Korea. Russia’s Turn to the East and India’s move from the Look East to the Act East Policy have created a new framework for closer India–Russia geo-economic and geopolitical relations.

Russian Far East Development from the Korean Perspective

This chapter focuses on analysing Korea’s position on development of this region. To this end, the paper deals with the significance and strategic value of the Russian Far East, the current status, and determinants of the Russian Far East policy, as well as the direction and tasks of Korea’s Russian Far East policy.