Russia in Global Affairs https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/ Most influental russian analytical journal, devoted to foreign affairs and international economy, trade, culture and security issues /media/images/small_rus.gif Russia in Global Affairs https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/ https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/What-is-the-New-Era-of-the-Sino-Russian-Relationship-20070 What is the ‘New Era’ of the Sino-Russian Relationship? For a long time, Western commentators did not take the close relationship between Russia and China seriously, because conventional wisdom held that the foundation of this link is fragile. Russia has its “Eurasian complex,” which is considered ephemeral and opportunistic, whereas in China there has been a strong distrust of Russia since the 1949 Communist revolution, as typified by the Mao-Stalin alienation. Today, such analytical logic can no longer hold water. Mon, 17 Jun 2019 09:54:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Is-There-Life-After-Arms-Control-Death-20069 Is There Life After Arms Control Death? For several years, serious experts in Russia and the West have repeatedly warned the public about the threat of the collapse of the international nuclear arms control system. They spoke about the system, to be precise, because in the past half a century arms control developed as a sum-total of supplementary elements rather than an eclectic set of separate unrelated bilateral or multilateral agreements. Mon, 17 Jun 2019 09:51:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Common-Dreams-or-Vulgar-Delusions-Elite-Preoccupations-in-Discourses-about-the-Commons-20066 Common Dreams or Vulgar Delusions? Elite Preoccupations in Discourses about the ‘Commons’ Our age is witness to a proliferation of discourses about the ‘commons’. They are emerging from more and more quarters, and the word is being applied to more things than ever before. One important strand of discourse, claiming to be communist, seeks to apply it to all kinds of spheres, from the earth and its natural bounty to culture, and to all sorts of resources, from the most immaterial, such as common knowledge, to the most material, such as the use of the earth’s finite natural resources. Internet activists refer to information and knowledge that exits on the web as the ‘digital commons’. Thu, 06 Jun 2019 15:04:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-INF-Treaty-Mirror-or-Abyss-20064 The INF Treaty: Mirror or Abyss? The number of nuclear weapon states, their respective arsenals, and transatlantic nuclear arrangements make Europe one of the most “nuclearized” continents. Luckily, even when the total warhead numbers were even higher, nuclear use had been avoided – although the threat remains real. Tue, 04 Jun 2019 18:14:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Trumps-Visit-to-Japan-New-Slices-in-Golf-Diplomacy-20063 Trump’s Visit to Japan: New Slices in Golf Diplomacy US President Donald Trump’s official visit to Japan on May 25-28 drew more attention than a typical meeting of leaders from two major Western nations, considering the current international and political context and the fact that the visit took place in the run-up to the upcoming G20 Summit in Osaka, which cast the meeting as an important phase in preparations for this event. Tue, 04 Jun 2019 18:07:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Globalization-New-Pathways-Along-the-SouthSouth-Axis--20060 Globalization: New Pathways Along the South–South Axis The year 2018 was marked by escalation in trade tensions among the world’s largest economies, mostly via bilateral trade restrictions. Fri, 31 May 2019 11:50:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Sanctions-Policy-The-European-Paradox-20057 Sanctions Policy: The ‘European Paradox’ Since the end of the Cold War, economic sanctions have increasingly been used by big players as a tool of foreign policy. The initiators of sanctions use trade and financial restrictions to try to force the target countries to change course politically as well as to influence internal political processes. Mon, 27 May 2019 11:08:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Finance-as-an-Operational-Theater-in-US-China-Trade-War-20056 Finance as an Operational Theater in US-China Trade War The trade war opposing the US and China and the swelling of debt levels across the world to an all-time high are currently the two main risks for the world’s economy that could bring about a new global crisis. Mon, 27 May 2019 11:05:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Intel-How-Trumps-maximum-pressure-campaign-is-bringing-Iran-and-Russia-closer-together-20025 Intel: How Trump's 'maximum pressure' campaign is bringing Iran and Russia closer together Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif's long-planned visit to Moscow today quickly turned into a grievance-sharing session with his counterpart Sergey Lavrov about the Donald Trump administration. Mon, 13 May 2019 09:38:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/A-Phony-Cold-War-20024 A Phony Cold War For several years now, analysts have been unable to agree on a description for the state of Russia-West relations. The terms a “new” or “second” Cold War have been used more often than others. Mon, 13 May 2019 09:36:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Intel-How-Russia-and-Turkey-are-growing-closer-at-US-expense-20023 Intel: How Russia and Turkey are growing closer at US expense The April 30 phone call between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan covered a broad range of topics, including trade, military cooperation and Syria, as the two countries continue to grow closer amid US-Turkey tensions. Wed, 08 May 2019 09:05:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-New-DETER-Bill-Can-Sanctions-Help-Deter-Russia-20018 The New DETER Bill: Can Sanctions Help Deter Russia? Russia and Russian-US relations are unlikely to become any easier. The issue of “election interference” will remain salient, though some fatigue has already set in. Most likely, its prominence will abate in the US political conversation, though it will remain on the international agenda. It will also remain tethered to US sanctions on Russia, and sanctions will continue to be viewed as a means of deterring Moscow. Tue, 23 Apr 2019 09:11:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Escape-from-responsibility-the-US-is-looking-for-a-way-out-of-Afghanistan-20014 Escape from responsibility: the U.S. is looking for a way out of Afghanistan In the context of ongoing negotiations between the Taliban and the United States, the vigilance of all parties involved in the Afghan conflict is growing. Tue, 16 Apr 2019 11:07:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Moscow-cultivates-neutral-image-as-Libya-quakes-20013 Moscow cultivates neutral image as Libya quakes Russia’s deputy foreign minister and Putin’s special envoy for the MENA region, Mikhail Bogdanov, received a phone call April 6 from Gen. Khalifa Hifter, the commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA). Tue, 16 Apr 2019 11:06:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Firewood-and-Coal-USRussia-Relations-without-Mueller-20005 Firewood and Coal: U.S.–Russia Relations without Mueller The completion of the Mueller investigation ended with the deafening defeat of the opponents of the incumbent President of the United States. Thu, 04 Apr 2019 12:12:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Events-in-Algeria-Presidents-Resignation-and-Transition-20004 Events in Algeria: President’s Resignation and Transition Algeria’s octogenarian President Bouteflika has resigned after just shy of two decades in office. On the one hand, he was compelled to leave by unruly street demonstrations, and on the other, he was being pressured by his nation’s army. Thu, 04 Apr 2019 12:10:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Italy-China-Cooperation-A-Matter-of-Concern-in-the-US-and-the-EU-20001 Italy-China Cooperation: A Matter of Concern in the US and the EU? In the eyes of Brussels, the main problem surrounding China’s signing of a memorandum of understanding with Italy, a founding member of the EU, is that it might jeopardise Europe’s attempt to create a united negotiating front vis-?-vis Beijing. Wed, 03 Apr 2019 12:53:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/War-with-Russia-19997 War with Russia? Stephen F. Cohen ‘s book War with Russia? is controversial and debatable. Any of the author’s arguments should create applause by his supporters and fierce opposition from his critics as they could be the starting point for a much-needed debate. Thu, 28 Mar 2019 08:14:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/We-do-not-dream-of-the-future-anymore-were-scared-of-it-19996 “We do not dream of the future anymore, we’re scared of it.” People used to have the right to their own interpretation, but the facts were common. Now everybody has the right to his own facts. Ours is a life in a room with walls of mirrors. It’s no wonder that we are scared of each other. Thu, 28 Mar 2019 08:03:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/From-Mistrust-to-Solidarity-or-More-Mistrust-19995 From Mistrust to Solidarity or More Mistrust? The rise of right-wing politicians advocating migration restrictions in the EU and the U.S., on the one hand, and the modernization of migration policy in Russia, on the other hand, are changing the discourse on solidarity with migrants, making it more multifaceted but also controversial. Wed, 27 Mar 2019 20:22:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Artificial-Intelligence-and-New-Threats-to-International-Psychological-Security-19993 Artificial Intelligence and New Threats to International Psychological Security Scenario simulation of the malicious use of artificial intelligence and protection against related threats requires broad international cooperation and the creation of special national and international scientific and practical centers. Wed, 27 Mar 2019 13:09:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Western-Asia-and-North-Africa-in-the-Neo-Modernity-Context--19992 Western Asia and North Africa in the Neo-Modernity Context A variety of principles of international relations are manifest in the emerging world of neo-modernity. While the Middle East concept within Western Asia and North Africa is struggling with the challenges of postmodern relativism and some of its elements are waning, the premodern concept of the Islamic world is regaining relevancy. Wed, 27 Mar 2019 12:45:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Can-the-United-States-Contain-China-19991 Can the United States Contain China? Even if China’s high-tech offensive could be contained through a strategy of decoupling, it would not necessarily benefit most Americans. To the extent that corporations are rerouting supply chains out of China, the jobs and manufacturing are not returning to the United States but relocating elsewhere in Asia. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 15:22:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Long-Peace-and-Nuclear-Weapons-19990 “Long Peace” and Nuclear Weapons It is not nuclear weapons that help maintain stability; rather, a gradual decay of the “long peace” will raise the need for the transformation of nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons already act not so much as a guarantee against war as a guarantee that your enemy will not use them against you?like chemical weapons in World War II. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 14:31:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/From-Global-Order-to-Global-Transition-19989 From Global Order to Global Transition A major factor in understanding the present and future global transition processes will be a global rethinking of (asymmetric) resources available to international actors, ideas and perceptions of the leaders of major powers and the nature of internal political processes. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 13:59:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Between-Polycentrism-and-Bipolarity-19988 Between Polycentrism and Bipolarity The world of the future will be more complex and volatile than it looked just 20-30 years ago. There will be enough room for a variety of combinations by different world policy actors cooperating with each other in different formats. The concept of multilaterality might become one of the guidelines to follow in this process. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 12:55:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-House-That-Built-Who-19987 The House That Built Who? This year is filled with anniversaries of events that happened in 1989. Back then Europe and the entire world witnessed a change of the sociopolitical paradigm, which soon led to the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the end of the previous system of international relations. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 12:45:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Battle-Robots-Rivalry-and-the-Future-of-War--20021 Battle Robots Rivalry and the Future of War Unmanned military systems – or ‘military robots’ – are becoming more commonplace among the rising number of armies around the world and are used with increasing frequency in combat. Leading powers, their challengers as well as their non-state combat opponents have begun to design, test, and field numerous unmanned systems. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 09:43:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Brexit-Undermines-the-Implicit-Ideology-of-the-EU-19984 Brexit Undermines the Implicit Ideology of the EU The last vote of the UK Parliament, in which the proposed agreement with the EU and the prospect of a Brexit without any agreement were rejected, served as a snub to the European Union, which was unable to reach an agreement with Great Britain, as well as a blow to Theresa May, whose negotiating tactics provoked much criticism. Wed, 20 Mar 2019 08:06:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/A-Different-Global-Governance-Taming-the-Excesses-of-Realpolitik-19983 A Different Global Governance: Taming the Excesses of Realpolitik Today’s international scene is dominated by Realpolitik – national interest reigns supreme not just at the country level, but is also strongly felt at the level of regional and global institutions. Tue, 19 Mar 2019 10:41:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Governing-Geoengineering-19982 Governing Geoengineering New technologies to combat global warming could complement reductions in greenhouse-gas emissions. But their potential impact is highly uncertain, and failure to govern their use properly could aggravate existing threats to international peace and security. Tue, 19 Mar 2019 10:34:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Terrorism-as-a-Weather-Phenomenon-19981 Terrorism as a Weather Phenomenon After the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 in the United States, the term “war against terrorism” was introduced to our political vocabulary. For nearly twenty years, we have been waging this sort of war together, and at times accusing each other of pacifism, sabotage, or even of cooperation with the enemy. But a real war is a serious matter that requires a lot of sacrifice. Tue, 19 Mar 2019 10:31:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Intel-How-Russia-is-pushing-a-weapons-sale-that-has-roiled-US-Turkey-relations-19978 Intel: How Russia is pushing a weapons sale that has roiled US-Turkey relations Moscow is insisting that the sale of its S-400 missile defense system to Turkey despite harsh US opposition is going “very smoothly” and is “just business.” Thu, 14 Mar 2019 09:08:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/BRICS-Pay---Single-Payment-System-of-the-BRICS-Countries-19956 BRICS Pay - Single Payment System of the BRICS Countries The BRICS countries are creating a single payment system, BRICS Pay, as part of the drive to establish a common system for retail payments and transactions between the member countries. In the near future, these countries plan to introduce a special cloud platform, which will connect their national payment systems. Wed, 06 Mar 2019 10:38:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/State-of-Play-Russia-and-the-Fraying-West-19955 State of Play: Russia and the Fraying West Despite their troubles, Europe and the US are not withering away. It would behoove Moscow to avoid escalations. Wed, 06 Mar 2019 10:36:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/What-Can-Russia-Give-Asia-19954 What Can Russia Give Asia? Russia is in demand in Asia. But its response should not be a mere mirror reflection of what the Asian countries want. It is generally a rather odd thing in international politics to proceed from partners’ desires or capabilities. Tue, 05 Mar 2019 10:27:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Four-Dreadful-Scenarios-for-Tomorrows-Syria-and-What-We-Can-Do-To-Avoid-Them-19950 Four Dreadful Scenarios for Tomorrow’s Syria and What We Can Do To Avoid Them Despite eight years of horrific conflict, and over 500,000 thousand deaths, a stable peace in Syria remains elusive. Wed, 20 Feb 2019 10:26:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-Turkey-Iran-discuss-Syria-amid-simmering-disagreements-19949 Russia, Turkey, Iran discuss Syria amid simmering disagreements The presidents of Russia, Turkey and Iran convened for their fourth summit on Syria in Russia’s southern resort city of Sochi on Feb. 14. Earlier leaders of the “guarantor countries” of the Astana process met in November 2017 in Sochi, in April 2018 in Ankara and in September 2018 in Tehran. Wed, 20 Feb 2019 10:25:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Heartland-Reunion-Geopolitical-Chimera-or-Historical-Chance-19946 Heartland Reunion: Geopolitical Chimera or Historical Chance? Anyone who has at least some idea about the theory of international relations should remember the oft-quoted formula put forward by the father of British geopolitics, Halford Mackinder: “Who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island; who rules the World-Island commands the world.” Wed, 13 Feb 2019 09:21:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Why-Is-It-So-Difficult-for-Russia-and-Japan-to-Come-to-Agreement--19944 Why Is It So Difficult for Russia and Japan to Come to Agreement? Experts had many expectations ahead of the Russian-Japanese summit held in Moscow in late January. Many believed that the meeting between the two leaders would lead to a breakthrough expressed in the signing of a peace treaty and introduction of full clarity in the matter of the Japanese claims to four Kuril islands. Thu, 07 Feb 2019 09:47:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Domino-Effect-Americas-Withdrawal-from-the-INF-Treaty-and-Its-Ramifications-19941 The Domino Effect: America’s Withdrawal from the INF Treaty and Its Ramifications The United States has launched the procedure of withdrawal from the Treaty on the Elimination of the Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (INF Treaty). Russia, in turn, also suspended its participation in the INF. Tue, 05 Feb 2019 14:37:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-in-Global-Affairs-journal-is-accepted-by-Scopus--19936 Russia in Global Affairs journal is accepted by Scopus The editorial board of Russia in Global Affairs are happy to announce that by the decision of the Content Selection & Advisory Board as of January 27, 2019, the English-language version of the journal was included in the Scopus bibliographic and reference database. Mon, 04 Feb 2019 09:50:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/How-the-United-States-Got-Russia-Wrong-19938 How the United States Got Russia Wrong The West today is paying for its collusion with Russia in the 1990s. Mon, 04 Feb 2019 09:48:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Indian-Approaches-to-Multilateral-Cooperation-and-Institutions-in-Eurasia-19932 Indian Approaches to Multilateral Cooperation and Institutions in Eurasia Relations between the US and Russia are at their worst since the end of the Cold War, China and the US have tense relations, India and China are trying to stabilize relations after a period of acrimony. The major powers appear today to be like the unhappy families in Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina: ‘Each unhappy family (major power in this case) is unhappy in its own way.’ Wed, 30 Jan 2019 13:03:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/An-Unforeseeable-Europe-19930 An Unforeseeable Europe 2016 was perhaps the most difficult year for Europe since the turn of the century. Under the inept leadership of David Cameron’s cabinet, the United Kingdom voted in favour of leaving the European Union. The United States elected Donald Trump, an outspoken critic of the European project, as its president. The European continent continued to fight the unprecedented influx of refugees and migrants... Wed, 30 Jan 2019 10:15:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/From-Mistrust-to-Solidarity-or-More-Mistrust-Russias-Migration-Experience-in-the-International-Conte From Mistrust to Solidarity or More Mistrust? Russia’s Migration Experience in the International Context Freedom of movement and freedom to choose a place of residence can be ranked among the category of freedoms which, as part of the Global Commons, have been restricted to varying degrees at the level of communities, states, and international associations. Tue, 29 Jan 2019 11:37:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Kuril-Social-Contract-19926 The Kuril Social Contract The Kremlin needs to understand clearly that it is up against not just Japan but also the Russian public—and based on public opinion surveys, two-thirds of Russians do not want to hand over the Kuril Islands. The Kremlin will not be able to coerce the people into accepting its point of view. Mon, 28 Jan 2019 11:45:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-World-After-the-INF-Treaty-How-to-Get-Out-of-the-Dead-Zone-19923 The World After the INF Treaty: How to Get Out of the Dead Zone It looks as if there is no salvation for the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty). One could shout oneself hoarse arguing whether the treaty had a chance of survival, but this will be the task of future historians. At this point in time, it is much more important to think about a world without the INF Treaty and whether we can resume control of weapons in some other form. Wed, 23 Jan 2019 10:26:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Attempts-at-Decommunization-in-Russia-Upset-de-Stalinization-19917 “Attempts at Decommunization in Russia Upset de-Stalinization” An attempt at decommunization in Russia has brought about the failure of de-Stalinization. As the Yeltsin regime positioned itself as an opponent of all Soviet history, many Russians were reluctant to see a larger part of their lives thrown into the dustbin. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 13:39:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/US-Indo-Pacific-Strategy-19916 U.S. Indo-Pacific Strategy The U.S.-China relationship and the economic and security dynamics of the Indo-Pacific are riddled with contradictions that raise questions about both the Chinese and American policies. How this drama plays out will have no small impact on a global and regional system in transition looking out to 2025. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 13:29:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Belt-and-Road-in-Russia-Evolution-of-Expert-Discourse-19915 The “Belt and Road” in Russia: Evolution of Expert Discourse The implementation of the “Belt and Road” initiative became dependent on the pro et contra balance that is not conducive to cooperation for the time being. “Gains and prospects” are abstract, while “risks and threats,” on the contrary, are quite concrete and cannot be ignored. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 13:09:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Nature-of-the-Modern-Crisis-in-US-Russia-Relations-19914 The Nature of the Modern Crisis in U.S.-Russia Relations The rearmament program, now underway in the U.S., may lead to a new round of “militarization of international relations” and a new arms race between Russia, the United States, and probably China at a time when the strategic arms limitation regime is crumbling. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 12:54:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Sanctions-and-US-Hegemony-19913 Sanctions and U.S. Hegemony Thu, 17 Jan 2019 12:44:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Russian-US-Relations-Torn-between-the-Practical-and-Ideational-Agendas-19912 Russian-U.S. Relations: Torn between the Practical and Ideational Agendas Hypothetically, Russia and the U.S. may stop escalating their war of ideas if their material interests do not cross. This would be possible if they divide their zones of influence and respect them. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 12:36:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Strategic-Thanatos-of-Poland-19911 The “Strategic Thanatos” of Poland There has again emerged an area of instability and armed conflict (Ukraine) on Poland’s borders. Its relations with neighbors that are vital for its national security and economic development (Russia, Germany, and the European Union as a whole) are ruined again. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 11:09:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Tragedy-of-Ukraine-19910 The Tragedy of Ukraine It is worth recalling that, back in May 2014, the Verkhovna Rada recognized the need to prioritize reconciliation. Adopted just five days before the presidential elections, had this policy actually been implemented, Ukraine’s subsequent history might have been very different. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 10:32:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Civilizational-Realism-19909 “Civilizational Realism” Within the framework of “civilizational realism” existing contradictions between Russia and the West could be solved by reaching an agreement with the “civilizational leaders” of the Euro-Atlantic region to create a demilitarized buffer zone made up of limitrophe Eastern European states. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 10:17:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Russia-and-the-European-Union-in-Eulerian-Circles-of-Europe-19908 Russia and the European Union in Eulerian Circles of “Europe” The transformation of Europe after the end of the Cold War, which promised a peaceful and prosperous Europe without dividing lines, ended with a reconfiguration of military and political alliances with clear-cut boundaries and a reassessment of allies and potential adversaries. Wed, 16 Jan 2019 20:08:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Between-Old-Lessons-and-New-Challenges-19907 Between Old Lessons and New Challenges The year 2019 is a year of landmark anniversaries: a centenary of the Versailles-Washington world order; the 90th anniversary of the Great Depression, which reverberated throughout the 20th century; the 80th anniversary of World War II; the 70th anniversary of the nuclear parity and NATO, the start of the Cold War confrontation; the 40th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution in Iran; the 30th anniversary of changes in Eastern Europe; and the 20th anniversary of NATO’s war against Yugoslavia. Wed, 16 Jan 2019 19:55:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-World-Needs-Europe-19902 The World Needs Europe Having emerged from centuries of bloodshed to become the poster child for integration and collaboration, Europe has a distinct service to offer the rest of the world. With the international order coming apart and populist nationalism on the rise, now is the time for the European Union to show leadership, both at home and abroad. Tue, 15 Jan 2019 10:05:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Political-Multipolarity-vs-Economic-Unipolarity-2018-Results-and-2019-Intrigues-19899 Political Multipolarity vs. Economic Unipolarity: 2018 Results and 2019 Intrigues Summing up the results of 2018, one is tempted to lay emphasis on a number of major events and trends. However, that carries the risk of neglecting systemic issues that generate the diversity of individual phenomena. The understanding of these issues provides us with an analytical ability that helps us attribute numerous events to a more or less understandable model. Fri, 11 Jan 2019 12:16:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Will-US-pullout-from-Syria-increase-risk-of-conflict-with-Russia-19895 Will US pullout from Syria increase risk of conflict with Russia? The announcement of the US pullout from Syria was received with caution in Moscow. Besides the security and political challenges it may bring about, the Trump decision could mean the end of a practical, relatively constructive US-Russian approach to conflict at flashpoints. Sat, 29 Dec 2018 09:54:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Chinas-Geoeconomics-and-the-New-Cold-War-19891 China’s Geoeconomics and the ‘New Cold War’ Chinese geoeconomics is making a great leap forward to adjust to rapid technological developments and a changing international distribution of power. The world is entering a new industrial revolution that further decouples the relationship between capital and labour, which incentivises Beijing to abandon its reliance on low-wage competitiveness and instead take the lead in developing high-tech strategic industries with its digital Silk Road. Wed, 26 Dec 2018 10:51:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Entering-2019-Challenges-and-Opportunities-19889 Entering 2019: Challenges and Opportunities We should fully reject the concept of Western, or liberal, universalism in favor of developmental pluralism. Mon, 24 Dec 2018 13:03:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Brexit-Intrigue-and-Theresa-Mays-Future-19888 The Brexit Intrigue and Theresa May’s Future The decision to postpone until late January the December 11 vote in the House of Commons on the Withdrawal Agreement stipulating the terms of Britain’s exit from the European Union, agreement approved by the EU on November 25, created real chaos in the Brexit issue, this time at the government policy level. Mon, 24 Dec 2018 12:59:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Russia-Is-Being-Used-As-a-Meme-in-US-Politics-19887 'Russia Is Being Used As a Meme in U.S. Politics' Whatever Russia does, positive, negative, even nothing at all, it is being used as part of political processes within Western countries. Mon, 24 Dec 2018 12:44:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russias-view-and-interests-changes-in-Northeast-Asia-19898 Russia's view and interests changes in Northeast Asia South Korean President Moon Jae-in's efforts to stimulate inter-Korean detente and the ongoing denuclearization talks between North Korea and the U.S. are both welcome by Moscow and essential for achieving Russia's policy priorities with regards to Northeast Asia and Asia in general. Wed, 19 Dec 2018 10:23:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/As-International-Order-Crumbles-Dialogue-Is-Crucial-for-Restoring-Trust-19879 As International Order Crumbles, Dialogue Is Crucial for Restoring Trust In an interview with valdaiclub.com on the sidelines of the 18th Doha Forum, where the Valdai Club held a special session, Wolfgang Ischinger, Chairman of the Munich Security Conference, discussed the risks to international order and the ways to avoid unintended escalation between the key players. Tue, 18 Dec 2018 14:14:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Political-Crisis-in-France-Locked-by-Elites-19877 Political Crisis in France: Locked by Elites We entered a political crisis. The incidents of Saturday, November 1, the evolution of claims and slogans of the Yellow Vests prove it. Tue, 11 Dec 2018 12:24:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Crimea-and-Punishment-19876 Crimea and Punishment On 25 November, Russia seized 24 Ukrainian sailors in the Kerch Strait, which connects the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. It is the first open clash between the two countries since 2014. Tue, 11 Dec 2018 12:03:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Scaling-Down-Ambitions-G20-Agenda-Evolves-from-Global-Governance-to-Bilateral-Consultations-19874 Scaling Down Ambitions? G20 Agenda Evolves from Global Governance to Bilateral Consultations The fate of the G20 is an example of how difficult it is in the modern world to establish any formalized forms of international or global governance. Despite the fact that problems are increasingly truly global in nature, their solution is becoming increasingly national. States do their due for their own citizens and, as a rule, do not take into account the interests of mankind as a whole. Fri, 07 Dec 2018 12:23:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Why-We-Must-Prohibit-Cyberattacks-on-Nuclear-Systems-the-Case-for-Pre-Emptive-USRussia-Arms-Control- Why We Must Prohibit Cyberattacks on Nuclear Systems: the Case for Pre-Emptive US–Russia Arms Control Almost 35 years ago, US President Ronald Reagan settled down in the White House to watch the latest Hollywood blockbuster WarGames as part of his regular Sunday film night. The film, starring a young Matthew Broderick, depicted a teenage computer hacker accidentally breaking into top-secret Pentagon supercomputers that controlled US nuclear weapons. Tue, 04 Dec 2018 13:42:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Russias-Response-to-Sanctions-How-Western-Sanctions-Reshaped-Political-Economy-in-Russia-19865 Russia’s Response to Sanctions: How Western Sanctions Reshaped Political Economy in Russia Since August 2017, legislation allowing the imposition of a range of new sanctions against Russia has been passed by US lawmakers. Although not all this legislation has thus far been implemented by the president, Donald Trump, the mere threat of more draconian economic sanctions from the US created considerable uncertainty in Russia. Tue, 04 Dec 2018 13:16:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Scaling-Down-Ambitions-G20-Agenda-Evolves-from-Global-Governance-to-Bilateral-Consultations-19861 Scaling Down Ambitions? G20 Agenda Evolves from Global Governance to Bilateral Consultations The fate of the G20 is an example of how difficult it is in the modern world to establish any formalized forms of international or global governance. Despite the fact that problems are increasingly truly global in nature, their solution is becoming increasingly national. States do their due for their own citizens and, as a rule, do not take into account the interests of mankind as a whole. Tue, 04 Dec 2018 08:10:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Sanctions-for-the-Violation-of-Sanctions-Businesses-on-US-Treasury-Radar-19860 Sanctions for the Violation of Sanctions: Businesses on US Treasury Radar Many evaluations of the US sanctions policy focus on major political steps – the adoption of new laws, the US President’s executive orders, the drafting of new bills, etc. At the same time, the practice of US regulators punishing specific companies for violating sanctions is of great interest. Such practices say a lot about the specifics of the sanctions policy and their effectiveness. Mon, 03 Dec 2018 09:52:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Sanctions-for-the-Violation-of-Sanctions-Businesses-on-US-Treasury-Radar-19857 Sanctions for the Violation of Sanctions: Businesses on US Treasury Radar Many evaluations of the US sanctions policy focus on major political steps – the adoption of new laws, the US President’s executive orders, the drafting of new bills, etc. At the same time, the practice of US regulators punishing specific companies for violating sanctions is of great interest. Such practices say a lot about the specifics of the sanctions policy and their effectiveness. Thu, 29 Nov 2018 09:43:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-and-Ukraine-Four-Scenarios-for-the-Future-19855 Russia and Ukraine: Four Scenarios for the Future Nearly five years have passed since the start of the dramatic events of the Maidan in Kiev that engendered a profound crisis in Russia’s relations with both Ukraine and the West. Wed, 28 Nov 2018 16:49:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-the-Power-Broker-in-the-Middle-East-19850 Russia: the Power Broker in the Middle East? Historically, the Middle East has never been a Russia’s strategic priority comparable to Europe, the North-East Pacific or even the Central Asia. Unlike many other major European powers, Russia had no colonial ambitions in the region... Fri, 23 Nov 2018 14:28:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Angela-Merkels-New-Momentum-19849 Angela Merkel’s New Momentum Since German Chancellor Angela Merkel announced that she will not seek another term and will step down as her party's leader at the end of this year, political obituaries have been rolling in. But far from bowing out quietly, Merkel will use her remaining time in office to cement her legacy as a defender of the European project. Fri, 23 Nov 2018 14:26:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-United-States-Russia-and-Europe-in-2018-19827 The United States, Russia, and Europe in 2018 CSIS and RIAC Meeting Report Mon, 19 Nov 2018 10:44:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-War-That-Determined-Russian-History-for-the-Next-100-Years-19826 The War That Determined Russian History for the Next 100 Years If we count the Napoleonic Wars, then the First World War was actually the Second. For a century after Napoleon, it was assumed that war is always limited and fighting is followed by negotiations. War was not an existential threat for the states. Mon, 19 Nov 2018 10:42:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/On-Russias-Power-is-Winter-Coming-19822 On Russia’s Power: is Winter Coming? On November 11–12, 2018, Abu Dhabi hosted the fifth annual expert meeting within the strategic dialog organized by Emirates Policy Center with the support of the UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Wed, 14 Nov 2018 11:37:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Mapping-Global-Strategic-Stability-in-the-Twenty-First-Century-19820 Mapping Global Strategic Stability in the Twenty-First Century The U.S.-Russia strategic relationship—the only one to have featured strategic arms control—is no longer central to global strategic stability. Thu, 08 Nov 2018 10:13:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Anti-Russia-Sanctions-A-Fall-Lull-19819 Anti-Russia Sanctions: A Fall Lull? After the high-profile events of August, an unusual lull befell the battlefields of the sanctions war. The sanctions have ceased for the time being to be a direct cause of volatility in the stock market and foreign exchange markets. Thu, 08 Nov 2018 10:10:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/How-Russias-Greater-Eurasia-Plan-May-Spell-the-End-of-EU-Centric-Model-19815 How Russia's Greater Eurasia Plan May Spell the End of EU-Centric Model After a 500 year-long struggle for recognition of its status as a European power, Russia has positioned itself as a pivot to the East to develop Greater Eurasia, Glenn Diesen, a professor at the Higher School of Economics, told Sputnik, adding that this may spell the end of the Western-centric geo-economic infrastructure. Fri, 02 Nov 2018 16:04:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/What-of-a-Future-Canada-Russia-Relationship-19814 What of a Future Canada-Russia Relationship? How Canada, in occasional partnership with Russia, could begin to drive higher-order issues on a global basis. Fri, 02 Nov 2018 16:01:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Danger-of-Withdrawing-From-the-INF-Treaty-19812 The Danger of Withdrawing From the INF Treaty Breaking arms control agreements is much easier than concluding them, but history shows that rejecting arms control agreements never improves one’s security and always damages it, a lesson that Moscow and Washington should heed. Wed, 31 Oct 2018 10:43:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/EAEU-Integration-Junction-19813 EAEU: Integration Junction The fact that, in the 20th century, states have learned to take into consideration cooperation matters when identifying the main goals and objectives of their foreign policy,is a vastly positive development. That is not enough, though. Tue, 30 Oct 2018 10:46:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Soviet-Union-and-the-Iranian-Revolution-19809 The Soviet Union and the Iranian Revolution Islamism. Political Islam. Islamic fundamentalism. The mass media and academic studies are literally brimming with these terms. However, what we see today as a natural component of international relations, in the 1970s-1980s was an unheard-of and inconceivable phenomenon in world politics. Mon, 29 Oct 2018 17:03:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Russia-and-Ukraine-Forever-Apart-19808 Russia and Ukraine: Forever Apart? Historical arguments are heavily used by both Ukraine and Russia in pursuing their political goals at the national and international levels. The current state of relations between the two countries predetermines further instrumental use and misuse of history for the purposes of propaganda and hybrid war. Mon, 29 Oct 2018 16:36:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Marginalization-in-Globalization-19807 Marginalization in Globalization Even the most controversial Chinese assessments concerning Russian diplomacy are of interest as they are formulated not from the Western point of view but from the position of China as a new rising power seeking to create its own specific national style in diplomacy. Mon, 29 Oct 2018 15:18:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Grandeur-and-Miseries-of-Russias-Turn-to-the-East-19806 The Grandeur and Miseries of Russia’s “Turn to the East” The reasons for Russia’s turn to the East obviously lie in geopolitics?it was unable to establish a fruitful interaction with the West. China also failed to develop equal relations with Western countries. That is why many Russia’s decisions about the Far East were taken without proper calculations regarding the chances for economic development and investment attractiveness. Mon, 29 Oct 2018 14:50:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Accelerated-Development-of-the-Russian-Far-East-19805 Accelerated Development of the Russian Far East The Far East development strategy should focus on building an area of innovative resource-based economy. The production of innovative resource-intensive goods and services with a focus on the growing Asian markets running low on natural resources could be an attractive niche for the Russian Far East to take and succeed in. Mon, 29 Oct 2018 14:36:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Tectonics-of-the-New-World-Order-and-the-Russian-Far-East--19804 Tectonics of the New World Order and the Russian Far East The Far East as a meeting point of three key regions?Eurasia, Pacific Asia, and the Arctic?opens up prospects for overcoming a false dilemma of traditional division into continental and maritime states. Russia’s dual geopolitical nature allows it to move along both tracks at the same time. Sun, 28 Oct 2018 15:28:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Formula-of-Trumponomics-19803 The Formula of Trumponomics Globalization American-style has reached its natural limits, and now China and Asia as a whole are becoming the main beneficiaries of world development. The current growth of neomercantilism, protectionism and regionalization in the world resembles the situation of the decade before World War I. Sun, 28 Oct 2018 15:19:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Revisionism-of-Powers-in-the-Changing-Historical-Context-19802 Revisionism of Powers in the Changing Historical Context Russia’s relations with the U.S. and its allies are unlikely to improve in the foreseeable future. This solves the problem of uncertain intentions?the most important methodological question in the international relations theory. The current intentions of the American bloc with regard to Russia, China and Iran are absolutely clear, and this creates unprecedented certainty in world politics. Sun, 28 Oct 2018 15:07:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/A-Rapidly-Changing-Reality-19801 A Rapidly Changing Reality The world is not in disarray, it is in transition. As wealth and power move to the South and the East again after a couple of centuries, the validity of some normative assumptions and the efficacy of incumbent institutions that manage the world order is being severely tested. Sun, 28 Oct 2018 14:46:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/A-Funfair-Never-Before-Seen-19800 A Funfair Never Before Seen World politics resembles a never-before-seen funfair. A room of distorting mirrors, roller coasters, a fast and breathtaking merry-go-round, and swings flinging from one extreme point to the other… All of this is happening simultaneously, and we seem to be trapped inside this bizarre contraption that can pull all kinds of weird tricks. There is a feeling that a whole era is coming to an end. Sun, 28 Oct 2018 14:37:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/US-Withdrawal-From-the-INF-Treaty-and-the-End-of-the-Bilateral-Era-19799 U.S. Withdrawal From the INF Treaty and the End of the Bilateral Era Strategic arms control has long been a foundation of U.S.-Russia relations, and removing this pillar will have profound consequences for the bilateral relationship. Neither Moscow nor Washington has displayed much political will or persistence to rescue the INF Treaty. Strategic arms control as it has been known for almost half a century is coming to its logical end. Fri, 26 Oct 2018 21:21:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Powerlessness-of-the-Most-Powerful-19795 The Powerlessness of the Most Powerful The president of the leading global power has made it clear that he has no interest in getting involved in resolving any of the world’s shared problems, dressing up his foreign policy as one of "principled realism." But there is nothing principled or realistic about it. Tue, 23 Oct 2018 15:52:00 +0300