Russia in Global Affairs Most influental russian analytical journal, devoted to foreign affairs and international economy, trade, culture and security issues /media/images/small_rus.gif Russia in Global Affairs China: How Fragile Is the Giant? China is Russia's most important and responsible partner in the international arena. The five years that have passed since the beginning of the fundamental complication of relations between Russia and the West have shown that despite prejudices and lack of trust at the grassroots level, relations between the two countries remain friendly. Tue, 20 Aug 2019 10:07:00 +0300 Not for Church Fri, 16 Aug 2019 12:03:00 +0300 A Kingdom divided against himself. Special edition This is a special issue of Russia in Global Affairs, dedicated to this big topic. Thirty years after the end of the Cold War, euphoria over the triumph of liberal ideology, which is “omnipotent because it is true,” has given way to dark pessimism about the future and led to the loss of ideational and moral guidelines. Thu, 15 Aug 2019 12:42:00 +0300 U.S.-Russia Relations: The Quest for Stability Cyber disruptions. Military encounters. Geopolitical instability. Economic sanctions. Even the risk of nuclear annihilation. How did we get here? Tue, 13 Aug 2019 07:42:00 +0300 A New Anarchy? Scenarios for World Order Dynamics The current debate on the world order’s future mostly boils down to two opposite points of view. Mon, 12 Aug 2019 10:21:00 +0300 How Russia is deepening military ties with Iran to counter the US Russia and Iran are deepening their military ties in a joint challenge to perceived US hegemony in the Middle East. The Russian Defense Ministry and the General Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces signed a memorandum of understanding that seeks to expand military ties between the two countries on Monday during Iranian Navy Commander Hossein Khanzadi’s three-day visit to St. Petersburg. Tue, 06 Aug 2019 12:59:00 +0300 The Church at a Historical Crossroads This is an unusual issue both in terms of format (we rarely focus entirely on one topic only) and content. Over the sixteen years of the journal’s existence, we have almost never addressed religious topics, quite consciously. This sphere is too specific, complicated, multifaceted, sensitive, and often explosive, and it seems risky to discuss it in an unspecialized political edition. And it surely abhors clich?s and simplifications, which the modern world is so inclined to make. Wed, 31 Jul 2019 13:14:00 +0300 Deutsche Bank - The End of an Aberration Deutsche Bank is Germany's largest (private) bank and, at the same time, its most controversial. It has left its mark on the German financial market as well as on the German economy, and it has been a trendsetter in its fundamental restructuring over the last twenty years. For ten years now, it has been mired in a deep crisis which threatens its very existence. Wed, 31 Jul 2019 11:18:00 +0300 India in the Era of Cyber Wars India has a solid and well-deserved reputation as one of the leaders in the global IT industry. This makes it all the more surprising that, until recently, Indian authorities had paid relatively little attention to introducing cyber technologies in the country’s governance system and using them to combat cyber threats posed by hackers acting out of personal, economic, and political motives. Wed, 31 Jul 2019 11:16:00 +0300 Geopolitics in Space and Time Tue, 30 Jul 2019 15:32:00 +0300 Lessons of Korean Democratization for Modern Russia Tue, 30 Jul 2019 15:19:00 +0300 Chinese School of International Relations Tue, 30 Jul 2019 14:45:00 +0300 Could Russia Utilize Cryptocurrencies in Its Foreign Policy Grand Strategizing? Tue, 30 Jul 2019 13:25:00 +0300 WikiLeaks as Rubicon and Zeitgeist Tue, 30 Jul 2019 13:19:00 +0300 Digital Communication Disrupting Hegemonic Power in Global Geopolitics Tue, 30 Jul 2019 12:50:00 +0300 Private Military and Security Companies Tue, 30 Jul 2019 12:12:00 +0300 Symmetric versus Asymmetric Rule Thu, 25 Jul 2019 18:02:00 +0300 A Predictable Future? Thu, 25 Jul 2019 17:52:00 +0300 Public Conflicts, Democracy and Authoritarianism Thu, 25 Jul 2019 17:25:00 +0300 The Logic of Counterpoint Thu, 25 Jul 2019 12:59:00 +0300 Nothing Is Alien The 2018/2019 world political season ended in an atmosphere of some fated madness, with tragedies degrading into a farce in line with Hegel’s trite aphorism. But the atmosphere of farce makes everyone fear that the situation may spiral out of control for the most trivial of reasons. Thu, 25 Jul 2019 12:44:00 +0300 Russia eyes big picture with S-400 sale to Turkey ussia's controversial S-400 deal with Turkey is more about constructing a Middle East less dependent on the United States than direct competition. Thu, 18 Jul 2019 09:29:00 +0300 In the Shadow of the Crescent Tue, 16 Jul 2019 12:15:00 +0300 Imperialism, Geopolitics and Religion Tue, 16 Jul 2019 12:12:00 +0300 Alternative Orthodoxy. Unlearned Lessons Tue, 16 Jul 2019 11:55:00 +0300 Autocephaly and Orthodox Unity Tue, 16 Jul 2019 11:50:00 +0300 Not So Great Schism Tue, 16 Jul 2019 11:47:00 +0300 “We need a ‘prophecy option’” Tue, 16 Jul 2019 11:33:00 +0300 Baltic Rehearsal Tue, 16 Jul 2019 11:07:00 +0300 A Schism in Universal Orthodoxy? Tue, 16 Jul 2019 11:05:00 +0300 Hybrid Faith Tue, 16 Jul 2019 11:00:00 +0300 Ukrainian Church Schism: Political Ramifications Mon, 15 Jul 2019 14:29:00 +0300 A Thorny Path of Ukrainian Orthodoxy Mon, 15 Jul 2019 14:20:00 +0300 Anamnesis of the Schism Mon, 15 Jul 2019 14:17:00 +0300 State and Religion Mon, 15 Jul 2019 13:42:00 +0300 Old Dog, New Tricks Mon, 15 Jul 2019 13:38:00 +0300 Religion and Politics: An Unbreakable Symbiosis? Mon, 15 Jul 2019 13:34:00 +0300 Trump’s Trade Wars, Asia, and Russia The key question with regard to US-China relations overall is whether the US business community, which has been until recently the foundation of US domestic support for the China relations, feels more able to do business. Mon, 15 Jul 2019 09:59:00 +0300 Communication Lines in Diplomacy: Expanding the Possibility Set The problem with communication in today’s world may be the illusion that real communication is taking place and no additional lines of communication are necessary. The truth of the matter is that there is still sizeable potential to raise the “technological capacity” in international diplomatic communication to a higher level via allocating the “frequency bandwidth” to regional blocks and other stakeholders. Mon, 15 Jul 2019 09:56:00 +0300 The comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty: Another victim of US nuclear policy? Amid a number of nuclear nonproliferation and arms control crises, the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty was well down the list of pressing nuclear issues – until now. Sat, 06 Jul 2019 11:30:00 +0300 Emmanuel Macron Wants to Give a New Impetus to the Strategic Dialogue with Russia In an interview with the Swiss TV channel RTS, French President Emmanuel Macron said that it is necessary to give a new impetus to the strategic dialogue with Russia. Tue, 25 Jun 2019 09:47:00 +0300 We Are US/Russia Experts From Opposing Sides Finding Common Ground The most serious impediment to improving US Russian relations today is not the lack of trust between our nations but rather the dark cloud of suspicion hovering over the Trump administration regarding its ties to the Kremlin Tue, 25 Jun 2019 09:40:00 +0300 What is the ‘New Era’ of the Sino-Russian Relationship? For a long time, Western commentators did not take the close relationship between Russia and China seriously, because conventional wisdom held that the foundation of this link is fragile. Russia has its “Eurasian complex,” which is considered ephemeral and opportunistic, whereas in China there has been a strong distrust of Russia since the 1949 Communist revolution, as typified by the Mao-Stalin alienation. Today, such analytical logic can no longer hold water. Mon, 17 Jun 2019 09:54:00 +0300 Is There Life After Arms Control Death? For several years, serious experts in Russia and the West have repeatedly warned the public about the threat of the collapse of the international nuclear arms control system. They spoke about the system, to be precise, because in the past half a century arms control developed as a sum-total of supplementary elements rather than an eclectic set of separate unrelated bilateral or multilateral agreements. Mon, 17 Jun 2019 09:51:00 +0300 Common Dreams or Vulgar Delusions? Elite Preoccupations in Discourses about the ‘Commons’ Our age is witness to a proliferation of discourses about the ‘commons’. They are emerging from more and more quarters, and the word is being applied to more things than ever before. One important strand of discourse, claiming to be communist, seeks to apply it to all kinds of spheres, from the earth and its natural bounty to culture, and to all sorts of resources, from the most immaterial, such as common knowledge, to the most material, such as the use of the earth’s finite natural resources. Internet activists refer to information and knowledge that exits on the web as the ‘digital commons’. Thu, 06 Jun 2019 15:04:00 +0300 The INF Treaty: Mirror or Abyss? The number of nuclear weapon states, their respective arsenals, and transatlantic nuclear arrangements make Europe one of the most “nuclearized” continents. Luckily, even when the total warhead numbers were even higher, nuclear use had been avoided – although the threat remains real. Tue, 04 Jun 2019 18:14:00 +0300 Trump’s Visit to Japan: New Slices in Golf Diplomacy US President Donald Trump’s official visit to Japan on May 25-28 drew more attention than a typical meeting of leaders from two major Western nations, considering the current international and political context and the fact that the visit took place in the run-up to the upcoming G20 Summit in Osaka, which cast the meeting as an important phase in preparations for this event. Tue, 04 Jun 2019 18:07:00 +0300 Globalization: New Pathways Along the South–South Axis The year 2018 was marked by escalation in trade tensions among the world’s largest economies, mostly via bilateral trade restrictions. Fri, 31 May 2019 11:50:00 +0300 Sanctions Policy: The ‘European Paradox’ Since the end of the Cold War, economic sanctions have increasingly been used by big players as a tool of foreign policy. The initiators of sanctions use trade and financial restrictions to try to force the target countries to change course politically as well as to influence internal political processes. Mon, 27 May 2019 11:08:00 +0300 Finance as an Operational Theater in US-China Trade War The trade war opposing the US and China and the swelling of debt levels across the world to an all-time high are currently the two main risks for the world’s economy that could bring about a new global crisis. Mon, 27 May 2019 11:05:00 +0300 Intel: How Trump's 'maximum pressure' campaign is bringing Iran and Russia closer together Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif's long-planned visit to Moscow today quickly turned into a grievance-sharing session with his counterpart Sergey Lavrov about the Donald Trump administration. Mon, 13 May 2019 09:38:00 +0300 A Phony Cold War For several years now, analysts have been unable to agree on a description for the state of Russia-West relations. The terms a “new” or “second” Cold War have been used more often than others. Mon, 13 May 2019 09:36:00 +0300 Intel: How Russia and Turkey are growing closer at US expense The April 30 phone call between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan covered a broad range of topics, including trade, military cooperation and Syria, as the two countries continue to grow closer amid US-Turkey tensions. Wed, 08 May 2019 09:05:00 +0300 The New DETER Bill: Can Sanctions Help Deter Russia? Russia and Russian-US relations are unlikely to become any easier. The issue of “election interference” will remain salient, though some fatigue has already set in. Most likely, its prominence will abate in the US political conversation, though it will remain on the international agenda. It will also remain tethered to US sanctions on Russia, and sanctions will continue to be viewed as a means of deterring Moscow. Tue, 23 Apr 2019 09:11:00 +0300 Escape from responsibility: the U.S. is looking for a way out of Afghanistan In the context of ongoing negotiations between the Taliban and the United States, the vigilance of all parties involved in the Afghan conflict is growing. Tue, 16 Apr 2019 11:07:00 +0300 Moscow cultivates neutral image as Libya quakes Russia’s deputy foreign minister and Putin’s special envoy for the MENA region, Mikhail Bogdanov, received a phone call April 6 from Gen. Khalifa Hifter, the commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA). Tue, 16 Apr 2019 11:06:00 +0300 Firewood and Coal: U.S.–Russia Relations without Mueller The completion of the Mueller investigation ended with the deafening defeat of the opponents of the incumbent President of the United States. Thu, 04 Apr 2019 12:12:00 +0300 Events in Algeria: President’s Resignation and Transition Algeria’s octogenarian President Bouteflika has resigned after just shy of two decades in office. On the one hand, he was compelled to leave by unruly street demonstrations, and on the other, he was being pressured by his nation’s army. Thu, 04 Apr 2019 12:10:00 +0300 Italy-China Cooperation: A Matter of Concern in the US and the EU? In the eyes of Brussels, the main problem surrounding China’s signing of a memorandum of understanding with Italy, a founding member of the EU, is that it might jeopardise Europe’s attempt to create a united negotiating front vis-?-vis Beijing. Wed, 03 Apr 2019 12:53:00 +0300 War with Russia? Stephen F. Cohen ‘s book War with Russia? is controversial and debatable. Any of the author’s arguments should create applause by his supporters and fierce opposition from his critics as they could be the starting point for a much-needed debate. Thu, 28 Mar 2019 08:14:00 +0300 “We do not dream of the future anymore, we’re scared of it.” People used to have the right to their own interpretation, but the facts were common. Now everybody has the right to his own facts. Ours is a life in a room with walls of mirrors. It’s no wonder that we are scared of each other. Thu, 28 Mar 2019 08:03:00 +0300 From Mistrust to Solidarity or More Mistrust? The rise of right-wing politicians advocating migration restrictions in the EU and the U.S., on the one hand, and the modernization of migration policy in Russia, on the other hand, are changing the discourse on solidarity with migrants, making it more multifaceted but also controversial. Wed, 27 Mar 2019 20:22:00 +0300 Artificial Intelligence and New Threats to International Psychological Security Scenario simulation of the malicious use of artificial intelligence and protection against related threats requires broad international cooperation and the creation of special national and international scientific and practical centers. Wed, 27 Mar 2019 13:09:00 +0300 Western Asia and North Africa in the Neo-Modernity Context A variety of principles of international relations are manifest in the emerging world of neo-modernity. While the Middle East concept within Western Asia and North Africa is struggling with the challenges of postmodern relativism and some of its elements are waning, the premodern concept of the Islamic world is regaining relevancy. Wed, 27 Mar 2019 12:45:00 +0300 Can the United States Contain China? Even if China’s high-tech offensive could be contained through a strategy of decoupling, it would not necessarily benefit most Americans. To the extent that corporations are rerouting supply chains out of China, the jobs and manufacturing are not returning to the United States but relocating elsewhere in Asia. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 15:22:00 +0300 “Long Peace” and Nuclear Weapons It is not nuclear weapons that help maintain stability; rather, a gradual decay of the “long peace” will raise the need for the transformation of nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons already act not so much as a guarantee against war as a guarantee that your enemy will not use them against you?like chemical weapons in World War II. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 14:31:00 +0300 From Global Order to Global Transition A major factor in understanding the present and future global transition processes will be a global rethinking of (asymmetric) resources available to international actors, ideas and perceptions of the leaders of major powers and the nature of internal political processes. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 13:59:00 +0300 Between Polycentrism and Bipolarity The world of the future will be more complex and volatile than it looked just 20-30 years ago. There will be enough room for a variety of combinations by different world policy actors cooperating with each other in different formats. The concept of multilaterality might become one of the guidelines to follow in this process. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 12:55:00 +0300 The House That Built Who? This year is filled with anniversaries of events that happened in 1989. Back then Europe and the entire world witnessed a change of the sociopolitical paradigm, which soon led to the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the end of the previous system of international relations. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 12:45:00 +0300 Battle Robots Rivalry and the Future of War Unmanned military systems – or ‘military robots’ – are becoming more commonplace among the rising number of armies around the world and are used with increasing frequency in combat. Leading powers, their challengers as well as their non-state combat opponents have begun to design, test, and field numerous unmanned systems. Tue, 26 Mar 2019 09:43:00 +0300 Brexit Undermines the Implicit Ideology of the EU The last vote of the UK Parliament, in which the proposed agreement with the EU and the prospect of a Brexit without any agreement were rejected, served as a snub to the European Union, which was unable to reach an agreement with Great Britain, as well as a blow to Theresa May, whose negotiating tactics provoked much criticism. Wed, 20 Mar 2019 08:06:00 +0300 A Different Global Governance: Taming the Excesses of Realpolitik Today’s international scene is dominated by Realpolitik – national interest reigns supreme not just at the country level, but is also strongly felt at the level of regional and global institutions. Tue, 19 Mar 2019 10:41:00 +0300 Governing Geoengineering New technologies to combat global warming could complement reductions in greenhouse-gas emissions. But their potential impact is highly uncertain, and failure to govern their use properly could aggravate existing threats to international peace and security. Tue, 19 Mar 2019 10:34:00 +0300 Terrorism as a Weather Phenomenon After the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 in the United States, the term “war against terrorism” was introduced to our political vocabulary. For nearly twenty years, we have been waging this sort of war together, and at times accusing each other of pacifism, sabotage, or even of cooperation with the enemy. But a real war is a serious matter that requires a lot of sacrifice. Tue, 19 Mar 2019 10:31:00 +0300 Intel: How Russia is pushing a weapons sale that has roiled US-Turkey relations Moscow is insisting that the sale of its S-400 missile defense system to Turkey despite harsh US opposition is going “very smoothly” and is “just business.” Thu, 14 Mar 2019 09:08:00 +0300 BRICS Pay - Single Payment System of the BRICS Countries The BRICS countries are creating a single payment system, BRICS Pay, as part of the drive to establish a common system for retail payments and transactions between the member countries. In the near future, these countries plan to introduce a special cloud platform, which will connect their national payment systems. Wed, 06 Mar 2019 10:38:00 +0300 State of Play: Russia and the Fraying West Despite their troubles, Europe and the US are not withering away. It would behoove Moscow to avoid escalations. Wed, 06 Mar 2019 10:36:00 +0300 What Can Russia Give Asia? Russia is in demand in Asia. But its response should not be a mere mirror reflection of what the Asian countries want. It is generally a rather odd thing in international politics to proceed from partners’ desires or capabilities. Tue, 05 Mar 2019 10:27:00 +0300 Four Dreadful Scenarios for Tomorrow’s Syria and What We Can Do To Avoid Them Despite eight years of horrific conflict, and over 500,000 thousand deaths, a stable peace in Syria remains elusive. Wed, 20 Feb 2019 10:26:00 +0300 Russia, Turkey, Iran discuss Syria amid simmering disagreements The presidents of Russia, Turkey and Iran convened for their fourth summit on Syria in Russia’s southern resort city of Sochi on Feb. 14. Earlier leaders of the “guarantor countries” of the Astana process met in November 2017 in Sochi, in April 2018 in Ankara and in September 2018 in Tehran. Wed, 20 Feb 2019 10:25:00 +0300 Heartland Reunion: Geopolitical Chimera or Historical Chance? Anyone who has at least some idea about the theory of international relations should remember the oft-quoted formula put forward by the father of British geopolitics, Halford Mackinder: “Who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island; who rules the World-Island commands the world.” Wed, 13 Feb 2019 09:21:00 +0300 Why Is It So Difficult for Russia and Japan to Come to Agreement? Experts had many expectations ahead of the Russian-Japanese summit held in Moscow in late January. Many believed that the meeting between the two leaders would lead to a breakthrough expressed in the signing of a peace treaty and introduction of full clarity in the matter of the Japanese claims to four Kuril islands. Thu, 07 Feb 2019 09:47:00 +0300 The Domino Effect: America’s Withdrawal from the INF Treaty and Its Ramifications The United States has launched the procedure of withdrawal from the Treaty on the Elimination of the Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (INF Treaty). Russia, in turn, also suspended its participation in the INF. Tue, 05 Feb 2019 14:37:00 +0300 Russia in Global Affairs journal is accepted by Scopus The editorial board of Russia in Global Affairs are happy to announce that by the decision of the Content Selection & Advisory Board as of January 27, 2019, the English-language version of the journal was included in the Scopus bibliographic and reference database. Mon, 04 Feb 2019 09:50:00 +0300 How the United States Got Russia Wrong The West today is paying for its collusion with Russia in the 1990s. Mon, 04 Feb 2019 09:48:00 +0300 Indian Approaches to Multilateral Cooperation and Institutions in Eurasia Relations between the US and Russia are at their worst since the end of the Cold War, China and the US have tense relations, India and China are trying to stabilize relations after a period of acrimony. The major powers appear today to be like the unhappy families in Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina: ‘Each unhappy family (major power in this case) is unhappy in its own way.’ Wed, 30 Jan 2019 13:03:00 +0300 An Unforeseeable Europe 2016 was perhaps the most difficult year for Europe since the turn of the century. Under the inept leadership of David Cameron’s cabinet, the United Kingdom voted in favour of leaving the European Union. The United States elected Donald Trump, an outspoken critic of the European project, as its president. The European continent continued to fight the unprecedented influx of refugees and migrants... Wed, 30 Jan 2019 10:15:00 +0300 From Mistrust to Solidarity or More Mistrust? Russia’s Migration Experience in the International Context Freedom of movement and freedom to choose a place of residence can be ranked among the category of freedoms which, as part of the Global Commons, have been restricted to varying degrees at the level of communities, states, and international associations. Tue, 29 Jan 2019 11:37:00 +0300 The Kuril Social Contract The Kremlin needs to understand clearly that it is up against not just Japan but also the Russian public—and based on public opinion surveys, two-thirds of Russians do not want to hand over the Kuril Islands. The Kremlin will not be able to coerce the people into accepting its point of view. Mon, 28 Jan 2019 11:45:00 +0300 The World After the INF Treaty: How to Get Out of the Dead Zone It looks as if there is no salvation for the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty). One could shout oneself hoarse arguing whether the treaty had a chance of survival, but this will be the task of future historians. At this point in time, it is much more important to think about a world without the INF Treaty and whether we can resume control of weapons in some other form. Wed, 23 Jan 2019 10:26:00 +0300 “Attempts at Decommunization in Russia Upset de-Stalinization” An attempt at decommunization in Russia has brought about the failure of de-Stalinization. As the Yeltsin regime positioned itself as an opponent of all Soviet history, many Russians were reluctant to see a larger part of their lives thrown into the dustbin. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 13:39:00 +0300 U.S. Indo-Pacific Strategy The U.S.-China relationship and the economic and security dynamics of the Indo-Pacific are riddled with contradictions that raise questions about both the Chinese and American policies. How this drama plays out will have no small impact on a global and regional system in transition looking out to 2025. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 13:29:00 +0300 The “Belt and Road” in Russia: Evolution of Expert Discourse The implementation of the “Belt and Road” initiative became dependent on the pro et contra balance that is not conducive to cooperation for the time being. “Gains and prospects” are abstract, while “risks and threats,” on the contrary, are quite concrete and cannot be ignored. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 13:09:00 +0300 The Nature of the Modern Crisis in U.S.-Russia Relations The rearmament program, now underway in the U.S., may lead to a new round of “militarization of international relations” and a new arms race between Russia, the United States, and probably China at a time when the strategic arms limitation regime is crumbling. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 12:54:00 +0300 Sanctions and U.S. Hegemony Thu, 17 Jan 2019 12:44:00 +0300 Russian-U.S. Relations: Torn between the Practical and Ideational Agendas Hypothetically, Russia and the U.S. may stop escalating their war of ideas if their material interests do not cross. This would be possible if they divide their zones of influence and respect them. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 12:36:00 +0300 The “Strategic Thanatos” of Poland There has again emerged an area of instability and armed conflict (Ukraine) on Poland’s borders. Its relations with neighbors that are vital for its national security and economic development (Russia, Germany, and the European Union as a whole) are ruined again. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 11:09:00 +0300 The Tragedy of Ukraine It is worth recalling that, back in May 2014, the Verkhovna Rada recognized the need to prioritize reconciliation. Adopted just five days before the presidential elections, had this policy actually been implemented, Ukraine’s subsequent history might have been very different. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 10:32:00 +0300 “Civilizational Realism” Within the framework of “civilizational realism” existing contradictions between Russia and the West could be solved by reaching an agreement with the “civilizational leaders” of the Euro-Atlantic region to create a demilitarized buffer zone made up of limitrophe Eastern European states. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 10:17:00 +0300 Russia and the European Union in Eulerian Circles of “Europe” The transformation of Europe after the end of the Cold War, which promised a peaceful and prosperous Europe without dividing lines, ended with a reconfiguration of military and political alliances with clear-cut boundaries and a reassessment of allies and potential adversaries. Wed, 16 Jan 2019 20:08:00 +0300