Russia in Global Affairs https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/ Most influental russian analytical journal, devoted to foreign affairs and international economy, trade, culture and security issues /media/images/small_rus.gif Russia in Global Affairs https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/ https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Heartland-Reunion-Geopolitical-Chimera-or-Historical-Chance-19946 Heartland Reunion: Geopolitical Chimera or Historical Chance? Anyone who has at least some idea about the theory of international relations should remember the oft-quoted formula put forward by the father of British geopolitics, Halford Mackinder: “Who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island; who rules the World-Island commands the world.” Wed, 13 Feb 2019 09:21:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Why-Is-It-So-Difficult-for-Russia-and-Japan-to-Come-to-Agreement--19944 Why Is It So Difficult for Russia and Japan to Come to Agreement? Experts had many expectations ahead of the Russian-Japanese summit held in Moscow in late January. Many believed that the meeting between the two leaders would lead to a breakthrough expressed in the signing of a peace treaty and introduction of full clarity in the matter of the Japanese claims to four Kuril islands. Thu, 07 Feb 2019 09:47:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Domino-Effect-Americas-Withdrawal-from-the-INF-Treaty-and-Its-Ramifications-19941 The Domino Effect: America’s Withdrawal from the INF Treaty and Its Ramifications The United States has launched the procedure of withdrawal from the Treaty on the Elimination of the Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (INF Treaty). Russia, in turn, also suspended its participation in the INF. Tue, 05 Feb 2019 14:37:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-in-Global-Affairs-journal-is-accepted-by-Scopus--19936 Russia in Global Affairs journal is accepted by Scopus The editorial board of Russia in Global Affairs are happy to announce that by the decision of the Content Selection & Advisory Board as of January 27, 2019, the English-language version of the journal was included in the Scopus bibliographic and reference database. Mon, 04 Feb 2019 09:50:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/How-the-United-States-Got-Russia-Wrong-19938 How the United States Got Russia Wrong The West today is paying for its collusion with Russia in the 1990s. Mon, 04 Feb 2019 09:48:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Indian-Approaches-to-Multilateral-Cooperation-and-Institutions-in-Eurasia-19932 Indian Approaches to Multilateral Cooperation and Institutions in Eurasia Relations between the US and Russia are at their worst since the end of the Cold War, China and the US have tense relations, India and China are trying to stabilize relations after a period of acrimony. The major powers appear today to be like the unhappy families in Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina: ‘Each unhappy family (major power in this case) is unhappy in its own way.’ Wed, 30 Jan 2019 13:03:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/An-Unforeseeable-Europe-19930 An Unforeseeable Europe 2016 was perhaps the most difficult year for Europe since the turn of the century. Under the inept leadership of David Cameron’s cabinet, the United Kingdom voted in favour of leaving the European Union. The United States elected Donald Trump, an outspoken critic of the European project, as its president. The European continent continued to fight the unprecedented influx of refugees and migrants... Wed, 30 Jan 2019 10:15:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/From-Mistrust-to-Solidarity-or-More-Mistrust-Russias-Migration-Experience-in-the-International-Conte From Mistrust to Solidarity or More Mistrust? Russia’s Migration Experience in the International Context Freedom of movement and freedom to choose a place of residence can be ranked among the category of freedoms which, as part of the Global Commons, have been restricted to varying degrees at the level of communities, states, and international associations. Tue, 29 Jan 2019 11:37:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Kuril-Social-Contract-19926 The Kuril Social Contract The Kremlin needs to understand clearly that it is up against not just Japan but also the Russian public—and based on public opinion surveys, two-thirds of Russians do not want to hand over the Kuril Islands. The Kremlin will not be able to coerce the people into accepting its point of view. Mon, 28 Jan 2019 11:45:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-World-After-the-INF-Treaty-How-to-Get-Out-of-the-Dead-Zone-19923 The World After the INF Treaty: How to Get Out of the Dead Zone It looks as if there is no salvation for the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty). One could shout oneself hoarse arguing whether the treaty had a chance of survival, but this will be the task of future historians. At this point in time, it is much more important to think about a world without the INF Treaty and whether we can resume control of weapons in some other form. Wed, 23 Jan 2019 10:26:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Attempts-at-Decommunization-in-Russia-Upset-de-Stalinization-19917 “Attempts at Decommunization in Russia Upset de-Stalinization” An attempt at decommunization in Russia has brought about the failure of de-Stalinization. As the Yeltsin regime positioned itself as an opponent of all Soviet history, many Russians were reluctant to see a larger part of their lives thrown into the dustbin. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 13:39:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/US-Indo-Pacific-Strategy-19916 U.S. Indo-Pacific Strategy The U.S.-China relationship and the economic and security dynamics of the Indo-Pacific are riddled with contradictions that raise questions about both the Chinese and American policies. How this drama plays out will have no small impact on a global and regional system in transition looking out to 2025. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 13:29:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Belt-and-Road-in-Russia-Evolution-of-Expert-Discourse-19915 The “Belt and Road” in Russia: Evolution of Expert Discourse The implementation of the “Belt and Road” initiative became dependent on the pro et contra balance that is not conducive to cooperation for the time being. “Gains and prospects” are abstract, while “risks and threats,” on the contrary, are quite concrete and cannot be ignored. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 13:09:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Nature-of-the-Modern-Crisis-in-US-Russia-Relations-19914 The Nature of the Modern Crisis in U.S.-Russia Relations The rearmament program, now underway in the U.S., may lead to a new round of “militarization of international relations” and a new arms race between Russia, the United States, and probably China at a time when the strategic arms limitation regime is crumbling. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 12:54:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Sanctions-and-US-Hegemony-19913 Sanctions and U.S. Hegemony Thu, 17 Jan 2019 12:44:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Russian-US-Relations-Torn-between-the-Practical-and-Ideational-Agendas-19912 Russian-U.S. Relations: Torn between the Practical and Ideational Agendas Hypothetically, Russia and the U.S. may stop escalating their war of ideas if their material interests do not cross. This would be possible if they divide their zones of influence and respect them. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 12:36:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Strategic-Thanatos-of-Poland-19911 The “Strategic Thanatos” of Poland There has again emerged an area of instability and armed conflict (Ukraine) on Poland’s borders. Its relations with neighbors that are vital for its national security and economic development (Russia, Germany, and the European Union as a whole) are ruined again. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 11:09:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Tragedy-of-Ukraine-19910 The Tragedy of Ukraine It is worth recalling that, back in May 2014, the Verkhovna Rada recognized the need to prioritize reconciliation. Adopted just five days before the presidential elections, had this policy actually been implemented, Ukraine’s subsequent history might have been very different. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 10:32:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Civilizational-Realism-19909 “Civilizational Realism” Within the framework of “civilizational realism” existing contradictions between Russia and the West could be solved by reaching an agreement with the “civilizational leaders” of the Euro-Atlantic region to create a demilitarized buffer zone made up of limitrophe Eastern European states. Thu, 17 Jan 2019 10:17:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Russia-and-the-European-Union-in-Eulerian-Circles-of-Europe-19908 Russia and the European Union in Eulerian Circles of “Europe” The transformation of Europe after the end of the Cold War, which promised a peaceful and prosperous Europe without dividing lines, ended with a reconfiguration of military and political alliances with clear-cut boundaries and a reassessment of allies and potential adversaries. Wed, 16 Jan 2019 20:08:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Between-Old-Lessons-and-New-Challenges-19907 Between Old Lessons and New Challenges The year 2019 is a year of landmark anniversaries: a centenary of the Versailles-Washington world order; the 90th anniversary of the Great Depression, which reverberated throughout the 20th century; the 80th anniversary of World War II; the 70th anniversary of the nuclear parity and NATO, the start of the Cold War confrontation; the 40th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution in Iran; the 30th anniversary of changes in Eastern Europe; and the 20th anniversary of NATO’s war against Yugoslavia. Wed, 16 Jan 2019 19:55:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-World-Needs-Europe-19902 The World Needs Europe Having emerged from centuries of bloodshed to become the poster child for integration and collaboration, Europe has a distinct service to offer the rest of the world. With the international order coming apart and populist nationalism on the rise, now is the time for the European Union to show leadership, both at home and abroad. Tue, 15 Jan 2019 10:05:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Political-Multipolarity-vs-Economic-Unipolarity-2018-Results-and-2019-Intrigues-19899 Political Multipolarity vs. Economic Unipolarity: 2018 Results and 2019 Intrigues Summing up the results of 2018, one is tempted to lay emphasis on a number of major events and trends. However, that carries the risk of neglecting systemic issues that generate the diversity of individual phenomena. The understanding of these issues provides us with an analytical ability that helps us attribute numerous events to a more or less understandable model. Fri, 11 Jan 2019 12:16:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Will-US-pullout-from-Syria-increase-risk-of-conflict-with-Russia-19895 Will US pullout from Syria increase risk of conflict with Russia? The announcement of the US pullout from Syria was received with caution in Moscow. Besides the security and political challenges it may bring about, the Trump decision could mean the end of a practical, relatively constructive US-Russian approach to conflict at flashpoints. Sat, 29 Dec 2018 09:54:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Chinas-Geoeconomics-and-the-New-Cold-War-19891 China’s Geoeconomics and the ‘New Cold War’ Chinese geoeconomics is making a great leap forward to adjust to rapid technological developments and a changing international distribution of power. The world is entering a new industrial revolution that further decouples the relationship between capital and labour, which incentivises Beijing to abandon its reliance on low-wage competitiveness and instead take the lead in developing high-tech strategic industries with its digital Silk Road. Wed, 26 Dec 2018 10:51:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Entering-2019-Challenges-and-Opportunities-19889 Entering 2019: Challenges and Opportunities We should fully reject the concept of Western, or liberal, universalism in favor of developmental pluralism. Mon, 24 Dec 2018 13:03:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Brexit-Intrigue-and-Theresa-Mays-Future-19888 The Brexit Intrigue and Theresa May’s Future The decision to postpone until late January the December 11 vote in the House of Commons on the Withdrawal Agreement stipulating the terms of Britain’s exit from the European Union, agreement approved by the EU on November 25, created real chaos in the Brexit issue, this time at the government policy level. Mon, 24 Dec 2018 12:59:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Russia-Is-Being-Used-As-a-Meme-in-US-Politics-19887 'Russia Is Being Used As a Meme in U.S. Politics' Whatever Russia does, positive, negative, even nothing at all, it is being used as part of political processes within Western countries. Mon, 24 Dec 2018 12:44:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russias-view-and-interests-changes-in-Northeast-Asia-19898 Russia's view and interests changes in Northeast Asia South Korean President Moon Jae-in's efforts to stimulate inter-Korean detente and the ongoing denuclearization talks between North Korea and the U.S. are both welcome by Moscow and essential for achieving Russia's policy priorities with regards to Northeast Asia and Asia in general. Wed, 19 Dec 2018 10:23:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/As-International-Order-Crumbles-Dialogue-Is-Crucial-for-Restoring-Trust-19879 As International Order Crumbles, Dialogue Is Crucial for Restoring Trust In an interview with valdaiclub.com on the sidelines of the 18th Doha Forum, where the Valdai Club held a special session, Wolfgang Ischinger, Chairman of the Munich Security Conference, discussed the risks to international order and the ways to avoid unintended escalation between the key players. Tue, 18 Dec 2018 14:14:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Political-Crisis-in-France-Locked-by-Elites-19877 Political Crisis in France: Locked by Elites We entered a political crisis. The incidents of Saturday, November 1, the evolution of claims and slogans of the Yellow Vests prove it. Tue, 11 Dec 2018 12:24:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Crimea-and-Punishment-19876 Crimea and Punishment On 25 November, Russia seized 24 Ukrainian sailors in the Kerch Strait, which connects the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. It is the first open clash between the two countries since 2014. Tue, 11 Dec 2018 12:03:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Scaling-Down-Ambitions-G20-Agenda-Evolves-from-Global-Governance-to-Bilateral-Consultations-19874 Scaling Down Ambitions? G20 Agenda Evolves from Global Governance to Bilateral Consultations The fate of the G20 is an example of how difficult it is in the modern world to establish any formalized forms of international or global governance. Despite the fact that problems are increasingly truly global in nature, their solution is becoming increasingly national. States do their due for their own citizens and, as a rule, do not take into account the interests of mankind as a whole. Fri, 07 Dec 2018 12:23:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Why-We-Must-Prohibit-Cyberattacks-on-Nuclear-Systems-the-Case-for-Pre-Emptive-USRussia-Arms-Control- Why We Must Prohibit Cyberattacks on Nuclear Systems: the Case for Pre-Emptive US–Russia Arms Control Almost 35 years ago, US President Ronald Reagan settled down in the White House to watch the latest Hollywood blockbuster WarGames as part of his regular Sunday film night. The film, starring a young Matthew Broderick, depicted a teenage computer hacker accidentally breaking into top-secret Pentagon supercomputers that controlled US nuclear weapons. Tue, 04 Dec 2018 13:42:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Russias-Response-to-Sanctions-How-Western-Sanctions-Reshaped-Political-Economy-in-Russia-19865 Russia’s Response to Sanctions: How Western Sanctions Reshaped Political Economy in Russia Since August 2017, legislation allowing the imposition of a range of new sanctions against Russia has been passed by US lawmakers. Although not all this legislation has thus far been implemented by the president, Donald Trump, the mere threat of more draconian economic sanctions from the US created considerable uncertainty in Russia. Tue, 04 Dec 2018 13:16:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Scaling-Down-Ambitions-G20-Agenda-Evolves-from-Global-Governance-to-Bilateral-Consultations-19861 Scaling Down Ambitions? G20 Agenda Evolves from Global Governance to Bilateral Consultations The fate of the G20 is an example of how difficult it is in the modern world to establish any formalized forms of international or global governance. Despite the fact that problems are increasingly truly global in nature, their solution is becoming increasingly national. States do their due for their own citizens and, as a rule, do not take into account the interests of mankind as a whole. Tue, 04 Dec 2018 08:10:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Sanctions-for-the-Violation-of-Sanctions-Businesses-on-US-Treasury-Radar-19860 Sanctions for the Violation of Sanctions: Businesses on US Treasury Radar Many evaluations of the US sanctions policy focus on major political steps – the adoption of new laws, the US President’s executive orders, the drafting of new bills, etc. At the same time, the practice of US regulators punishing specific companies for violating sanctions is of great interest. Such practices say a lot about the specifics of the sanctions policy and their effectiveness. Mon, 03 Dec 2018 09:52:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Sanctions-for-the-Violation-of-Sanctions-Businesses-on-US-Treasury-Radar-19857 Sanctions for the Violation of Sanctions: Businesses on US Treasury Radar Many evaluations of the US sanctions policy focus on major political steps – the adoption of new laws, the US President’s executive orders, the drafting of new bills, etc. At the same time, the practice of US regulators punishing specific companies for violating sanctions is of great interest. Such practices say a lot about the specifics of the sanctions policy and their effectiveness. Thu, 29 Nov 2018 09:43:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-and-Ukraine-Four-Scenarios-for-the-Future-19855 Russia and Ukraine: Four Scenarios for the Future Nearly five years have passed since the start of the dramatic events of the Maidan in Kiev that engendered a profound crisis in Russia’s relations with both Ukraine and the West. Wed, 28 Nov 2018 16:49:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-the-Power-Broker-in-the-Middle-East-19850 Russia: the Power Broker in the Middle East? Historically, the Middle East has never been a Russia’s strategic priority comparable to Europe, the North-East Pacific or even the Central Asia. Unlike many other major European powers, Russia had no colonial ambitions in the region... Fri, 23 Nov 2018 14:28:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Angela-Merkels-New-Momentum-19849 Angela Merkel’s New Momentum Since German Chancellor Angela Merkel announced that she will not seek another term and will step down as her party's leader at the end of this year, political obituaries have been rolling in. But far from bowing out quietly, Merkel will use her remaining time in office to cement her legacy as a defender of the European project. Fri, 23 Nov 2018 14:26:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-United-States-Russia-and-Europe-in-2018-19827 The United States, Russia, and Europe in 2018 CSIS and RIAC Meeting Report Mon, 19 Nov 2018 10:44:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-War-That-Determined-Russian-History-for-the-Next-100-Years-19826 The War That Determined Russian History for the Next 100 Years If we count the Napoleonic Wars, then the First World War was actually the Second. For a century after Napoleon, it was assumed that war is always limited and fighting is followed by negotiations. War was not an existential threat for the states. Mon, 19 Nov 2018 10:42:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/On-Russias-Power-is-Winter-Coming-19822 On Russia’s Power: is Winter Coming? On November 11–12, 2018, Abu Dhabi hosted the fifth annual expert meeting within the strategic dialog organized by Emirates Policy Center with the support of the UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Wed, 14 Nov 2018 11:37:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Mapping-Global-Strategic-Stability-in-the-Twenty-First-Century-19820 Mapping Global Strategic Stability in the Twenty-First Century The U.S.-Russia strategic relationship—the only one to have featured strategic arms control—is no longer central to global strategic stability. Thu, 08 Nov 2018 10:13:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Anti-Russia-Sanctions-A-Fall-Lull-19819 Anti-Russia Sanctions: A Fall Lull? After the high-profile events of August, an unusual lull befell the battlefields of the sanctions war. The sanctions have ceased for the time being to be a direct cause of volatility in the stock market and foreign exchange markets. Thu, 08 Nov 2018 10:10:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/How-Russias-Greater-Eurasia-Plan-May-Spell-the-End-of-EU-Centric-Model-19815 How Russia's Greater Eurasia Plan May Spell the End of EU-Centric Model After a 500 year-long struggle for recognition of its status as a European power, Russia has positioned itself as a pivot to the East to develop Greater Eurasia, Glenn Diesen, a professor at the Higher School of Economics, told Sputnik, adding that this may spell the end of the Western-centric geo-economic infrastructure. Fri, 02 Nov 2018 16:04:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/What-of-a-Future-Canada-Russia-Relationship-19814 What of a Future Canada-Russia Relationship? How Canada, in occasional partnership with Russia, could begin to drive higher-order issues on a global basis. Fri, 02 Nov 2018 16:01:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Danger-of-Withdrawing-From-the-INF-Treaty-19812 The Danger of Withdrawing From the INF Treaty Breaking arms control agreements is much easier than concluding them, but history shows that rejecting arms control agreements never improves one’s security and always damages it, a lesson that Moscow and Washington should heed. Wed, 31 Oct 2018 10:43:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/EAEU-Integration-Junction-19813 EAEU: Integration Junction The fact that, in the 20th century, states have learned to take into consideration cooperation matters when identifying the main goals and objectives of their foreign policy,is a vastly positive development. That is not enough, though. Tue, 30 Oct 2018 10:46:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Soviet-Union-and-the-Iranian-Revolution-19809 The Soviet Union and the Iranian Revolution Islamism. Political Islam. Islamic fundamentalism. The mass media and academic studies are literally brimming with these terms. However, what we see today as a natural component of international relations, in the 1970s-1980s was an unheard-of and inconceivable phenomenon in world politics. Mon, 29 Oct 2018 17:03:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Russia-and-Ukraine-Forever-Apart-19808 Russia and Ukraine: Forever Apart? Historical arguments are heavily used by both Ukraine and Russia in pursuing their political goals at the national and international levels. The current state of relations between the two countries predetermines further instrumental use and misuse of history for the purposes of propaganda and hybrid war. Mon, 29 Oct 2018 16:36:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Marginalization-in-Globalization-19807 Marginalization in Globalization Even the most controversial Chinese assessments concerning Russian diplomacy are of interest as they are formulated not from the Western point of view but from the position of China as a new rising power seeking to create its own specific national style in diplomacy. Mon, 29 Oct 2018 15:18:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Grandeur-and-Miseries-of-Russias-Turn-to-the-East-19806 The Grandeur and Miseries of Russia’s “Turn to the East” The reasons for Russia’s turn to the East obviously lie in geopolitics?it was unable to establish a fruitful interaction with the West. China also failed to develop equal relations with Western countries. That is why many Russia’s decisions about the Far East were taken without proper calculations regarding the chances for economic development and investment attractiveness. Mon, 29 Oct 2018 14:50:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Accelerated-Development-of-the-Russian-Far-East-19805 Accelerated Development of the Russian Far East The Far East development strategy should focus on building an area of innovative resource-based economy. The production of innovative resource-intensive goods and services with a focus on the growing Asian markets running low on natural resources could be an attractive niche for the Russian Far East to take and succeed in. Mon, 29 Oct 2018 14:36:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Tectonics-of-the-New-World-Order-and-the-Russian-Far-East--19804 Tectonics of the New World Order and the Russian Far East The Far East as a meeting point of three key regions?Eurasia, Pacific Asia, and the Arctic?opens up prospects for overcoming a false dilemma of traditional division into continental and maritime states. Russia’s dual geopolitical nature allows it to move along both tracks at the same time. Sun, 28 Oct 2018 15:28:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Formula-of-Trumponomics-19803 The Formula of Trumponomics Globalization American-style has reached its natural limits, and now China and Asia as a whole are becoming the main beneficiaries of world development. The current growth of neomercantilism, protectionism and regionalization in the world resembles the situation of the decade before World War I. Sun, 28 Oct 2018 15:19:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/Revisionism-of-Powers-in-the-Changing-Historical-Context-19802 Revisionism of Powers in the Changing Historical Context Russia’s relations with the U.S. and its allies are unlikely to improve in the foreseeable future. This solves the problem of uncertain intentions?the most important methodological question in the international relations theory. The current intentions of the American bloc with regard to Russia, China and Iran are absolutely clear, and this creates unprecedented certainty in world politics. Sun, 28 Oct 2018 15:07:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/A-Rapidly-Changing-Reality-19801 A Rapidly Changing Reality The world is not in disarray, it is in transition. As wealth and power move to the South and the East again after a couple of centuries, the validity of some normative assumptions and the efficacy of incumbent institutions that manage the world order is being severely tested. Sun, 28 Oct 2018 14:46:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/A-Funfair-Never-Before-Seen-19800 A Funfair Never Before Seen World politics resembles a never-before-seen funfair. A room of distorting mirrors, roller coasters, a fast and breathtaking merry-go-round, and swings flinging from one extreme point to the other… All of this is happening simultaneously, and we seem to be trapped inside this bizarre contraption that can pull all kinds of weird tricks. There is a feeling that a whole era is coming to an end. Sun, 28 Oct 2018 14:37:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/US-Withdrawal-From-the-INF-Treaty-and-the-End-of-the-Bilateral-Era-19799 U.S. Withdrawal From the INF Treaty and the End of the Bilateral Era Strategic arms control has long been a foundation of U.S.-Russia relations, and removing this pillar will have profound consequences for the bilateral relationship. Neither Moscow nor Washington has displayed much political will or persistence to rescue the INF Treaty. Strategic arms control as it has been known for almost half a century is coming to its logical end. Fri, 26 Oct 2018 21:21:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Powerlessness-of-the-Most-Powerful-19795 The Powerlessness of the Most Powerful The president of the leading global power has made it clear that he has no interest in getting involved in resolving any of the world’s shared problems, dressing up his foreign policy as one of "principled realism." But there is nothing principled or realistic about it. Tue, 23 Oct 2018 15:52:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Living-in-a-Crumbling-World-Valdai-Club-Annual-Report-19791 Living in a Crumbling World. Valdai Club Annual Report In each of its annual reports since 2014, the Valdai Discussion Club has consistently spoken of the need to restore global governance – meaning the resolution of emerging and growing problems through institutions-based cooperation between states holding particular political and economic importance to world affairs. Tue, 16 Oct 2018 10:06:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-and-Turkey-Approaches-to-Regional-Security-in-the-Middle-East-19790 Russia and Turkey: Approaches to Regional Security in the Middle East Transformational processes in the Arab world in the beginning of the 2010s led Russia and Turkey to an understanding of the need to form new foreign policy approaches towards the Middle East. This article seeks to identify the impact of the approaches Russia and Turkey have taken on this issue on relations between Moscow and Ankara. Tue, 16 Oct 2018 10:02:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Great-Delusion-Liberal-Dreams-and-International-Realities-19786 The Great Delusion: Liberal Dreams and International Realities This is an excerpt from the new book The Great Delusion : Liberal Dreams and International Realities by John Mearsheimer. Wed, 10 Oct 2018 10:09:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Syrian-Surprises-19784 Syrian Surprises The Syrian crisis continues to bring new surprises. Analysts are becoming increasingly concerned with the “mutating” configuration of relations among the global and regional actors, driven primarily by the developments in Idlib Governorate. Tue, 09 Oct 2018 16:16:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/One-More-Time-on-Greater-Europe-and-Greater-Eurasia-19783 One More Time on Greater Europe and Greater Eurasia The ongoing crisis in relations between Russia and the EU is usually linked to dramatic events in and around Ukraine in 2013–2014. Indeed, it is impossible to imagine that the EU–Russia relationship can get back on track or “business as usual” until the Ukrainian conflict is resolved. Fri, 05 Oct 2018 14:11:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/A-new-world-order-A-view-from-Russia--19782 A new world order: A view from Russia Since around 2017–2018, the world has been living through a period of progressive erosion, or collapse, of international orders inherited from the past. With the election of Donald Trump and the rapid increase of US containment of Russia and China—which is both a consequence of this gradual erosion and also represents deep internal and international contradictions—this process entered its apogee. Thu, 04 Oct 2018 15:20:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Fresh-Momentum-for-the-Balkans-19778 Fresh Momentum for the Balkans There can be little doubt that the last few decades have brought more frustration than progress to the Balkans. It would be ironic and deeply gratifying to see a region wracked by ethnic nationalism build bridges when so many others are building walls. Tue, 02 Oct 2018 10:58:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Prospects-for-RussiaChina-Cooperation-in-the-Middle-East-19777 Prospects for Russia–China Cooperation in the Middle East The Middle East is a region that has traditionally fallen under the influence of external forces. The desire of the United States to take a less active role in the Middle Eastern affairs, which was marked by the withdrawal of troops from Iraq in 2011 under the Obama administration, coincided with the increasing involvement of Russia and China in the processes taking place in the region. Tue, 02 Oct 2018 10:54:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Who-What-When-of-Russia-Sanctions-A-Cheat-Sheet-for-Laymen-19774 The ‘Who, What, When’ of Russia Sanctions: A Cheat Sheet for Laymen Russia watchers are still debating whether or not current tensions between Moscow and the U.S. are a new Cold War, but whatever the conflict gets called in the history books, all will agree that sanctions have been among the main weapons deployed. Thu, 27 Sep 2018 13:04:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-and-South-Korea-Towards-a-Strategic-Partnership-19773 Russia and South Korea: Towards a Strategic Partnership? The possibility of Seoul gradually distancing itself from its US patron has become quite plausible. If South Korea becomes a fully sovereign actor, this will create a new geopolitical landscape in which Russia could become one of its key partners. Thu, 27 Sep 2018 12:51:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/Islam-and-Global-Commons-The-Gap-between-Principles-and-Practices--19771 Islam and Global Commons: The Gap between Principles and Practices It is estimated that there are approximately 1.6 billion Muslims in the world today, who represent over 20% of the world’s population. No one is exempt from the vagaries of climate change, and Muslims have to accept their share of the responsibility. Tue, 25 Sep 2018 17:50:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/We-Have-Used-Up-the-European-Treasure-Trove-19769 “We Have Used Up the European Treasure Trove” Russia is genetically an authoritative country. This must be calmly accepted and used as a competitive advantage. Another factor that pushes us towards the pivot is that Europe is stagnating, locked in a complex crisis, and not really capable of much, while Asia is growing rapidly, due in no small part to military “cover” from Russia. Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:47:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/The-Summit-in-Singapore-and-the-Failure-of-Donald-Trumps-Diplomacy-19767 The Summit in Singapore and the Failure of Donald Trump’s Diplomacy It seemed before the Singapore summit, - the meeting of the leaders of the US and North Korea, which was drawing attention of the whole international community while being prepared, that Donald Trump’s “blackmail diplomacy” proved its effectiveness. However, is it possible to consider his policy towards Pyongyang and his administration’s foreign policy a success? Mon, 24 Sep 2018 09:39:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/China-and-Russia-new-BFFs-thanks-to-an-insecure-US-19765 China and Russia: new BFFs thanks to an insecure US Recent war games highlight Moscow and Beijing’s increasingly closer ties, which are based on a convergence of national interests, a similar view of the world order – and the need for an ally against a belligerent America Mon, 24 Sep 2018 08:06:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/valday/US-Indo-Pacific-Strategy-Myths-and-Reality-19763 US Indo-Pacific Strategy: Myths and Reality Facing its ‘most dynamic and formidable competitor in modern history’, Washington increasingly does away with hopeful thinking and seeks new approaches towards Asia. It raised the concept of the Indo-Pacific region. But what strategy is behind this buzzword? And what does it mean for Asia? Fri, 21 Sep 2018 08:59:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Mistakes-in-Syria-Are-Inevitable-19760 Mistakes in Syria Are Inevitable Syria continues to be the key newsmaker when it comes to the international agenda. With the breakthrough agreement between Russia and Turkey and the recent downing of the Russian plane, the situation offers more questions than answers and remains the matter of the biggest concern. Thu, 20 Sep 2018 09:36:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/redcol/Russia-Japan----peace-can-wait-19759 Russia-Japan -- peace can wait Putin has snubbed Abe as he boosts links with China amid growing US hostility to Beijing and Moscow. Thu, 20 Sep 2018 09:26:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Where-Is-the-West-As-Endgame-in-Syria-Looms-19757 Where Is the West As Endgame in Syria Looms? It is high time that the US, and especially the UK, accepted that their war in Syria has been lost – or at least that their original objective, the removal of Bashar al-Assad has not been achieved. Are they prepared to pursue the fight now at the expense of Idlib’s 3 million civilians? Wed, 19 Sep 2018 12:42:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Boosting-the-USE-of-national-currencies-among-BRICS-19754 Boosting the USE of national currencies among BRICS The use of national currencies among developing countries is acquiring increasing importance as the developing economies are building their own development banks and integration platforms against the backdrop of rising protectionist pressures in the developed world. Fri, 14 Sep 2018 18:04:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-and-the-United-States-Dont-Need-New-Summits-19753 Russia and the United States Don’t Need New Summits The first full-fledged summit between Vladimir Putin and Donald Trump held in late July has not improved and, indeed, could not have improved the general atmosphere of Russia-US relations. Fri, 14 Sep 2018 17:01:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/pubcol/How-to-Win-a-Cold-War--19732 How to Win a Cold War It is about time to draft a truly new foreign policy concept as the previous narrative has exhausted itself, being more of a ritual than a guide to action. Russia needs “strategic patience” as never before. Tue, 04 Sep 2018 16:32:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Looking-at-Tiananmen-Square-through-the-Brandenburg-Gate-19729 Looking at Tiananmen Square through the Brandenburg Gate Which country has already suffered the greatest losses through the new U.S. strategy announced a year-and-a-half ago by President Donald Trump? Tue, 04 Sep 2018 11:30:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/A-Balanced-Partnership-Berlin-Is-Recalibrating-Transatlantic-Relations-19728 A ‘Balanced Partnership’? Berlin Is Recalibrating Transatlantic Relations Strengthening the European Union and building a “sovereign and strong Europe” has been the central rationale for both the Christian and the Social Democrats to enter into what once used to be a Grand Coalition government in Germany. The growing weight of powers in the Far East and the not-so-Far East and the concomitant return of great power politics compels Europe to reassert its own (for the time being lacking) power. Tue, 04 Sep 2018 11:27:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Merkels-Trip-to-a-Divided-Region-19726 Merkel’s Trip to a Divided Region The main value of the visit lies in the fact that the agendas differed radically for the countries of the South Caucasus – the diversification of relations was visible to the naked eye. Wed, 29 Aug 2018 15:04:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-race-is-on-to-secure-the-worlds-biggest-trading-bloc--and-China-is-leading-the-way-19722 The race is on to secure the world’s biggest trading bloc – and China is leading the way The theme of trade wars appears to have firmly taken centre-stage across the globe – from impacting international trade flows to sending shivers across international financial markets. Mon, 27 Aug 2018 07:23:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Russia-US-looking-for-common-ground-on-Syria-19721 Russia, US looking for common ground on Syria US national security adviser John Bolton met in Geneva with Russian National Security Council Secretary Nikolay Patrushev to outline the range of issues the two nations can jointly cooperate on. Mon, 27 Aug 2018 07:20:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/DASKAA-and-the-New-Anti-Russia-Sanctions-Does-the-US-Want-Self-Isolation-19717 DASKAA and the New Anti-Russia Sanctions: Does the US Want Self-Isolation? The US sanctions against Russia have become habitual background news. As in wartime, people get used to daily bombing attacks, so at this point, news on the sanctions will only surprise the few that haven’t been paying attention. Thu, 23 Aug 2018 09:17:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-New-World-Disorder-19715 The New World Disorder In order to understand the present and the future of the world order, an analysis should start with the last phase of the bipolar system, late Gorbachev era. Wed, 22 Aug 2018 09:17:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/A-New-Model-of-Human-Security-19713 A New Model of Human Security Between interventionist excesses and tragic cases of inaction, it is clear that the international community still lacks a reliable doctrine of humanitarian intervention. The problem is that current security models are still based on the traditional concept of state sovereignty, rather than focusing on individual dignity. Tue, 21 Aug 2018 10:20:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/The-Race-Is-On-RCEP-Could-Emerge-as-the-First-Megabloc-19712 The Race Is On: RCEP Could Emerge as the First Megabloc The theme of trade wars appears to have firmly taken center-stage across the globe – from impacting international trade flows to sending shivers across international financial markets. Tue, 21 Aug 2018 10:12:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Israel-and-Gaza-Determination-vs-Desperation-19708 Israel and Gaza: Determination vs. Desperation The Israel–Hamas conflict threatens to escalate into a new war that could surpass anything seen during the previous operations in the Gaza Strip in terms of the amount of bloodshed. Fri, 17 Aug 2018 10:19:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Two-Significant-Developments-in-US-Russian-Relations-19707 Two Significant Developments in US-Russian Relations What has emerged over the past year is a two-track US policy: resumption of contacts between the two presidents with a promise of more summits and reopening of discussion channels on a number of issues at the same time as there has been an escalation of sanctions. Tue, 14 Aug 2018 10:37:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Germanys-Dangerous-Nuclear-Flirtation-19701 Germany’s Dangerous Nuclear Flirtation Opening a debate on German nuclear armament, as some are advocating, would be the geopolitical equivalent of walking into checkmate. Thu, 09 Aug 2018 09:07:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Seven-Capital-Vices-of-China-in-Africa-How-Capital-Are-They-Really-19696 “Seven Capital Vices” of China in Africa: How Capital Are They Really? The recent tenth BRICS Summit in Johannesburg and the forthcoming China-Africa Cooperation Summit in Beijing bring the Chinese-African relations to the center of political and academic discussions. Tue, 07 Aug 2018 08:31:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/RussiaTurkey-Relations-Need-a-Stronger-Foundation-19695 Russia–Turkey Relations Need a Stronger Foundation Relations between Russia and Turkey have always been and will always be a controversial subject. Even over the last couple of years, this relationship experienced dramatic ups and downs, sudden U-turns from cooperation to confrontation and back to cooperation. Fri, 03 Aug 2018 10:45:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Chances-for-a-New-Peace-of-Westphalia-19693 Chances for a New “Peace of Westphalia”? The situation which we now observe in the world, as far as the major political players are concerned, will probably continue for an unusually long time. Familiar protagonists-the current leaders-are set to retain their leading roles on the world stage: Putin for another 6 years, Merkel for nearly four more years, Macron for even longer, President Xi as long as he wishes to stay... Wed, 01 Aug 2018 18:45:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/US--Russia-Relations-and-a-Second-Trump-Putin-Summit-19691 U.S.- Russia Relations and a Second Trump-Putin Summit Just days after what was widely regarded in the United States as an abysmal performance by President Trump in Helsinki, the White House disclosed an invitation for President Putin to visit Washington. That has led to numerous negative reactions, from Democrats and Republicans alike, for whom a second summit seems likely to be a setback for U.S. interests. Fri, 27 Jul 2018 12:12:00 +0300 https://eng.globalaffairs.ru/book/Donald-Trump-as-Champion-of-Summits-Behind-the-Washington-Mainstream-19689 Donald Trump as Champion of Summits. Behind the Washington Mainstream If we look at the US president Donald Trump’s behavior during the press conference in Helsinki on July 16, 2018, the relationship between him and Vladimir Putin can be considered as stable and confident. Wed, 25 Jul 2018 11:54:00 +0300