№ 3 July/September 2005
  • Debates About Values

    Thirty years ago, on August 1, 1975, the leaders of 35 countries gathered in Helsinki to sign the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe.

  • A Yardstick for Russia

    Unless Russia takes into account the national characteristics that to a very large degree shaped the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation today, it will be impossible to devise a new model necessary for adjusting to the realities of the modern world. Are there some positive Russian characteristics that could be successfully called upon for the modernization process?

  • A Road Map for Russian Reform

    Unless real reform is implemented in a comprehensive way within the next five to ten years, Russia will irretrievably lose the chance to become a modern developed country, while disintegration trends, as was the case with the Soviet Union, will become irreversible.

  • A Long-Term Project for Russia

    The prospects for long-term investment in Russia will take definite shape only when the country succeeds in the so-called ‘entrepreneurial project.’ The successful development of business is the only format in which Russia can develop as a civilized and successful country.

  • Lessons of the Spanish Empire

    A reliance on natural resources in a country’s development causes grave economic problems and results in the government’s awkward decisions. The instances can be easily found in recent and distant history.

  • Russia’s European Strategy: A New Start

    In the long term (after 15 to 20 years) the issue of Russia’s accession to the European Union can be raised. In this time, much will depend on what path the EU and Russia take. Russia’s integration with a quasi-federative European state is much less probable than its integration with a union of a more or less free configuration.

  • Reaffirming the Benefits of Russia’s European Choice

    The most important objective for Russia in its relations with the EU is to make a strategic choice. Integration with the EU must be considered the main strategic goal. This can be achieved through a gradual horizontal (sectoral) integration and through increasing its role in the EU political decision-making process.

  • Change or Die

    The disintegration of the CIS, or its lingering in a state of latent disintegration will drastically reduce the potential of the countries in the region – as well as the international community – to control various processes there. Neither the EU nor the U.S. will be able to impose their system of governance in the CIS territory.

  • Russia and Japan: A Failed Breakthrough

    The opinion is generally held in both Russia and Japan that the main reason for strained relations between Moscow and Tokyo is the long-standing territorial dispute. The real reason, however, lies much deeper: relations between the two countries rest on a mutual mistrust that has been inherited from previous generations.

  • Shadows of the Past in Russia and the Baltic Countries

    Russian Vergangenheitsbewältigung is necessary with regard to Russia itself. Russia cannot become a normal European country without admitting the immense crimes that Communism committed against the Russians themselves and Russia’s neighbor states.

  • Russia and the Baltic States: Not a Case of "Flawed" History


    The Baltic States’ claims to Russia concerning “occupation” and “annexation” of their territories have nothing to do with historical science; they are determined exclusively by political pursuits.

  • The Final Act: Is The Curtain Coming Down?

    Today, thirty years after the signing of the Helsinki Final Act, one can state that the OSCE has not become – and will now hardly become – a major factor in building a European security system. This organization needs modernization that would suit all the participating nations.

  • Democracy and Nuclear Weapons

    The very act of raising the issue of democratic control and accountability in nuclear policy can, at best, evoke bewilderment or, at worst, suspicion of evil intentions. Yet, not only is democratic control a legitimate issue, it is long overdue in Russia’s defense and security policy.

  • After the Lull: Russia and the Arab World at a New Stage

    The scope of Russia’s potential partners in the Arab world has grown sizably after the ideological element vanished from Russian-Arab relations. Economic interests, together with all of the economic benefits that go with it, necessitate the establishment of contacts with all countries in the region that are ready to cooperate in practical terms.

  • A New Middle East

    The engagement of external powers in the Middle East has failed to resolve any of the conflicts now tearing the region apart; the problems have been driven into the corner and may flare up again anytime after external pressures are gone.

  • Altruism As
    National Interest

    Norway’s involvement in international conflict management is a top priority of its foreign policy. Here it is guided by the belief that wars and instability even in the remotest corners of the world may threaten the prosperity of any individual in the supposedly safe part of it.

  • Fortress Russia

    An open economy that presupposes
    the impossibility of catching up with
    the West paves the way to Russia’s disappearance as a state. Russia will survive only if it adopts an
    isolationalist policy for the next few decades.

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Publisher's column

A new world order: A view from Russia

Since around 2017–2018, the world has been living through a period of progressive erosion, or collapse, of international orders inherited from the past. With the election of Donald Trump and the rapid increase of US containment of Russia and China—which is both a consequence of this gradual erosion and also represents deep internal and international contradictions—this process entered its apogee.

Editor's column

Will US pullout from Syria increase risk of conflict with Russia?

The announcement of the US pullout from Syria was received with caution in Moscow. Besides the security and political challenges it may bring about, the Trump decision could mean the end of a practical, relatively constructive US-Russian approach to conflict at flashpoints.

What is the ‘New Era’ of the Sino-Russian Relationship?

For a long time, Western commentators did not take the close relationship between Russia and China seriously, because conventional wisdom held that the foundation of this link is fragile. Russia has its “Eurasian complex,” which is considered ephemeral and opportunistic, whereas in China there has been a strong distrust of Russia since the 1949 Communist revolution, as typified by the Mao-Stalin alienation. Today, such analytical logic can no longer hold water.

Is There Life After Arms Control Death?

For several years, serious experts in Russia and the West have repeatedly warned the public about the threat of the collapse of the international nuclear arms control system. They spoke about the system, to be precise, because in the past half a century arms control developed as a sum-total of supplementary elements rather than an eclectic set of separate unrelated bilateral or multilateral agreements.

The INF Treaty: Mirror or Abyss?

The number of nuclear weapon states, their respective arsenals, and transatlantic nuclear arrangements make Europe one of the most “nuclearized” continents. Luckily, even when the total warhead numbers were even higher, nuclear use had been avoided – although the threat remains real.

Common Dreams or Vulgar Delusions? Elite Preoccupations in Discourses about the ‘Commons’

Our age is witness to a proliferation of discourses about the ‘commons’. They are emerging from more and more quarters, and the word is being applied to more things than ever before. One important strand of discourse, claiming to be communist, seeks to apply it to all kinds of spheres, from the earth and its natural bounty to culture, and to all sorts of resources, from the most immaterial, such as common knowledge, to the most material, such as the use of the earth’s finite natural resources. Internet activists refer to information and knowledge that exits on the web as the ‘digital commons’.

Globalization: New Pathways Along the South–South Axis

The year 2018 was marked by escalation in trade tensions among the world’s largest economies, mostly via bilateral trade restrictions.