IAEA Verification Activities: A Tool of Building Trust or Building Up Pressure?
We do not live in an ideal world where everything is perfect, so questions about the Agency’s conduct of business do arise, and quite regularly. Specifically, the vulnerability of the IAEA’s activities in the safeguards field and its direct reporting to the UN Security Council in cases of safeguards non-compliance exposes the Vienna organization to political winds from all sides. Therefore, there is always a risk that someone might unchain the “watchdog” and set it on “inconvenient” countries. Let us have a look at how this may happen.