The Middle East: a’la Versailles or a’la Westphalia?
There are two principal scenarios for the development of the situation in the Middle East. The first scenario concerns postwar settlement ? la Versailles, specifically, the division of Arab territories of the Ottoman Empire, in which the lead was taken by external forces. The second scenario, ? la Westphalia, is a protracted and painful process of self-development of a democratic community of nation states.